Antoine de Bourbon

Bourbon, Antoine de

 

Born Apr. 22, 1518; died Nov. 17, 1562. French statesman; became Duke of Vendôme in 1537. Through his marriage in 1548 to Jeanne d’Albret, sole heir to the throne of Navarre, Bourbon in 1555 became king of Navarre and ruler of all the lands of the d’Albret house (in the south of France). Enmity for the Guise family and his wife’s influence pushed Bourbon into the camp of the Huguenots, and he found himself involved in the Amboise Conspiracy of 1560 against members of the Guise family. After Francis II’s death in March 1561, he was appointed viceregent of the French kingdom. Abandoning Calvinism, he took command of the Catholic army. Bourbon died in the siege of Rouen, which had been taken by the Huguenots. He was the father of the French king Henry IV.

REFERENCE

Ruble, A. de. Antoine de Bourbon et Jeanne d’Albret, vols. 1-4. Paris, 1881-86.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among them are Paris: faction, </alliance/>, and political action in early modern France: the dilemma of Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre in 1559-62; Istanbul: meritocracy, factionalism, and Ottoman grand admirals in the context of Mediterranean politics; Vienna/Prague: the dynastic network between the Imperial and the Spanish courts 1556-1619; Venice: <Giovanni/> and </vecchi/>: the factional spirit in patrician Venice during the 16th and 17th centuries between myth and reality; and Nancy: court factions overwhelmed by circumstance: the Duchy of Lorraine torn between Bourbon and Habsburg 1624-1737.
These Princes of the Blood were Antoine de Bourbon (father of the future Henri IV) and his brother, Louis de Conde.
Part 2 (Exodus) concerns her political and religious role in the years 1561-1568, stressing her rule as sole sovereign of Navarre and Bearn after the death of her husband, Antoine de Bourbon, in November 1562, and her flight from her own lands to La Rochelle in September 1568.