Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

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Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de

 

Born June 29, 1900, in Lyon; died July 31, 1944. French writer.

Saint-Exupéry was born into an aristocratic family. From 1919 to 1921 he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and from 1921 to 1923 he served in the army. He then worked in a factory. In 1926 he became a commercial pilot and published his first story, “Pilot.” From 1927 to 1929, Saint-Exupéry was manager of an airport in North Africa. His novel Southern Mail (1929) depicted pilots as men of action and contrasted them to philistines. From 1929 to 1931, Saint-Exupéry was a pilot in South America and Africa, and in 1933 and 1934 he was a test pilot. In 1931 he published the novel Night Flight. In 1939 his Wind, Sand and Stars (Russian translation, Earth of Men) was awarded a prize by the Académie Française.

Saint-Exupéry’s works combine reportage with poetic and philosophic interpretations of his own experiences. His humanism, despite its abstractness, is democratic and antireactionary. In 1935, after a visit to the USSR, Saint-Exupéry wrote a number of essays sympathetic to socialism. In 1937 he denounced fascism in news reports from republican Spain.

During World War II (1939–45), Saint-Exupéry fought at the front as a military pilot. After the fascist German occupation of France (1940), he emigrated to the USA, where he wrote the novellas Flight to Arras (1942) and Letter to a Hostage (1943), which occupy an important place in the literature of the Resistance movement. In 1943, Saint-Exupéry became a military pilot in North Africa; on July 31, 1944, he failed to return from a reconnaissance flight.

Saint-Exupéry’s fable The Little Prince (1943) gained world renown. It combined satire on acquisitiveness with affirmation of the beauty of human relations. The unfinished The Wisdom of the Sands (published 1948) was a series of didactic parables.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes. Paris, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia. [Foreword by M. Vaksmakher.] Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Migeo, M. Sent-Ekziuperi. Moscow, 1963.
Zonina, L. “Zametki o Sent-Ekziuperi.” Novyi mir, 1965, no. 6.
Antuan deSent-Ekziuperi: Bibliograficheskiiukazatel’. Moscow, 1966.
Albérès, R. M. Saint-Exupéry. Paris, 1961.
Chévrier, P. Sl.-Exupéry, 8th ed. Paris, 1958.
Bukowska, A. Saint-Exupéry czyli Paradoksy humanizmu. [Warsaw, 1968.]
Les Critiques de notre temps et Saint-Exupéry. Paris [1971].

M. N. VAKSMAKHER

References in periodicals archive ?
There was Amy Johnson and Antoine de Saint-Exupery amongst others - he was a French aviator extraordinaire and also the author of the best-selling The Little Prince.
These words of Antoine de Saint-Exupery, the famous author, came to mind during a recent visit to Delbert Winkler's tomato garden in Canoga Park.
Written by French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupery in 1943, The Little Prince tells the story of a narrator, who crash lands in the desert where he meets the Little Prince, from another planet.
In a striking metaphor, the French World War II pilot and writer Antoine de Saint-Exupery points us in the right direction.
Reflecting disturbingly on suicide while viewing paintings by Rothko and Antoine de Saint-Exupery in the National Gallery of Art, Monk thinks to himself: "My self-murder would not be an act of rage and despair, but of only despair and my artistic sensibility could not stand that.
Antoine de Saint-Exupery, the author of The Little Prince and other books, has the Little Prince listening to the advice of his friend the fox: "It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye.
En suivant Harvey, 1'auteur nous amene a la rencontre de Jules Romain, Thomas Mann, Antoine de Saint-Exupery et autres individus qui ont marque leur epoque.
Antoine de Saint-Exupery pointed out that "the injustice of defeat lies in the fact that its most innocent victims are made to look like heartless accomplices.
The Little Prince, a new series from Graphic Universe[TM], a division of Lerner Publishing Group, is adapted from the new TV series based on the classic masterpiece by Antoine de Saint-Exupery, which has sold more than 140 million copies worldwide and has been translated into 257 languages.
Address : ZAC Isoparc, 6 place Antoine de Saint-Exupery 37250 Sorigny
Le petit prince, a novella written by Antoine de Saint-Exupery and published in 1943, has been adapted over the years into many different media and even spawned a couple of sequels.
Auden, Stephen Spender, Kim Philby, George Orwell, Arthur Koestler, Cyril Connolly, Andre Malraux, and Antoine de Saint-Exupery.