Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

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Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de

 

Born June 29, 1900, in Lyon; died July 31, 1944. French writer.

Saint-Exupéry was born into an aristocratic family. From 1919 to 1921 he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and from 1921 to 1923 he served in the army. He then worked in a factory. In 1926 he became a commercial pilot and published his first story, “Pilot.” From 1927 to 1929, Saint-Exupéry was manager of an airport in North Africa. His novel Southern Mail (1929) depicted pilots as men of action and contrasted them to philistines. From 1929 to 1931, Saint-Exupéry was a pilot in South America and Africa, and in 1933 and 1934 he was a test pilot. In 1931 he published the novel Night Flight. In 1939 his Wind, Sand and Stars (Russian translation, Earth of Men) was awarded a prize by the Académie Française.

Saint-Exupéry’s works combine reportage with poetic and philosophic interpretations of his own experiences. His humanism, despite its abstractness, is democratic and antireactionary. In 1935, after a visit to the USSR, Saint-Exupéry wrote a number of essays sympathetic to socialism. In 1937 he denounced fascism in news reports from republican Spain.

During World War II (1939–45), Saint-Exupéry fought at the front as a military pilot. After the fascist German occupation of France (1940), he emigrated to the USA, where he wrote the novellas Flight to Arras (1942) and Letter to a Hostage (1943), which occupy an important place in the literature of the Resistance movement. In 1943, Saint-Exupéry became a military pilot in North Africa; on July 31, 1944, he failed to return from a reconnaissance flight.

Saint-Exupéry’s fable The Little Prince (1943) gained world renown. It combined satire on acquisitiveness with affirmation of the beauty of human relations. The unfinished The Wisdom of the Sands (published 1948) was a series of didactic parables.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes. Paris, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia. [Foreword by M. Vaksmakher.] Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Migeo, M. Sent-Ekziuperi. Moscow, 1963.
Zonina, L. “Zametki o Sent-Ekziuperi.” Novyi mir, 1965, no. 6.
Antuan deSent-Ekziuperi: Bibliograficheskiiukazatel’. Moscow, 1966.
Albérès, R. M. Saint-Exupéry. Paris, 1961.
Chévrier, P. Sl.-Exupéry, 8th ed. Paris, 1958.
Bukowska, A. Saint-Exupéry czyli Paradoksy humanizmu. [Warsaw, 1968.]
Les Critiques de notre temps et Saint-Exupéry. Paris [1971].

M. N. VAKSMAKHER

References in periodicals archive ?
Allan Macatuno's report did not mention that the ship's namesake, Antoine de Saint-Exupery, was a French poet, literary laureate and pioneering aviator who wrote 'The Little Prince,' a well-known and well-loved classic the world over.
The mammoth container vessel, which was named after the French aristocrat and literary icon Antoine de Saint-Exupery, was built over a period of one and a half years, from February 8, 2016, when the first steel cutting was made, to its launching in August 19 last year.
El piloto y escritor Antoine de Saint-Exupery despego de una base militar en Corcega en una mision de reconocimiento.
She said her philosophy on teaching can best be summed up as author Antoine de Saint-Exupery said, "If you want to build a ship, don't drum up people to collect wood and don't assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea.
His 2015 album features his symphonic piece Saint-Exupery : de cxur, de sable et d'etoiles , an hommage to Antoine de SaintExupery, the publication of which was supported by the Antoine de Saint-Exupery Youth Foundation.
En la contraportada de Ante la mirada de Juju se mencionan dos influencias determinantes: Selma Lagerlof con El maravilloso viaje de Nils Holgersson, y a Antoine de Saint-Exupery con El principito.
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It has been compared to "The Little Prince" written by Antoine de Saint-Exupery which has become a classic since it was written in 1944.
Contract award: Rehabilitation works - extension of buildings and put to the accessibility standards - Antoine de Saint-Exupery high school at the oars (lots 4-11 and 14)
Critics compare La Valdene's writing to that of Aldo Leopold, Vladimir Nabokov, Antoine de Saint-Exupery, and Henry David Thoreau.
Antoine de Saint-Exupery nasceu em 29 de junho de 1900 como Conde Antoine Jean-Baptiste Marie Roger de Saint-Exupery, (6) no seio de uma familia da aristocracia provinciana francesa, cujas origens remontam ao seculo XV.
The Poetry in the Journalism of Antoine de Saint-Exupery