Anton Raphael Mengs


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Mengs, Anton Raphael

 

Born Mar. 22, 1728, in Aussig, in present-day Ústì nad Labem, in Czechoslovakia; died June 29, 1779, in Rome. German painter and art theorist.

Mengs worked in Dresden, Rome, and Madrid. Under the influence of his friend J. J. Winckelmann, he adopted classicist principles both in his painting and theoretical works. Mengs’ works (the fresco Parnassus, 1761, Villa Albani, Rome) are marked by eclecticism, abstraction, and idealization. His drawings and portraits are particularly expressive (Self-portrait, Hermitage, Leningrad).

WORKS

Sämtliche hinterlassene Schriften, vols 1-2. Edited by G. Schilling, Bonn, 1843-44.
In Russian translation:
In Mastera iskusstva ob iskusstve, vol. 3. Moscow, 1967. Pages 459-67.

REFERENCE

Honisch, D. A. R. Mengs und die Bildform des Frühklassizismus. Berlin, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
A partir de un analisis comparativo de los frescos para el Palacio Real disenados por Giambattista Tiepolo y Anton Raphael Mengs, quienes elaboran por encargo de los reyes alegorias de la monarquia espanola, el primer capitulo del libro estudia como la nueva dinastia borbonica se constituye a si misma simbolicamente.
PORTRAIT: Anton Raphael Mengs, by Wilson in 1752 LANDSCAPE: A detail from Dolbadarn Castle, by Richard Wilson, oil on canvas
In the eighteenth century, no less a figure than Anton Raphael Mengs described Velazquez's Fable of Arachne as "done in such a way that it seems as if the hand played no part in the execution, but that he painted it only as an act of will.
As a teenager he walked to Rome, where he became a pupil of the leading German artist in that city, Anton Raphael Mengs (1728-79).
She therefore identifies (as had Anton Raphael Mengs in the eighteenth century) the foreshortened figure at the center of the luminous cupola to be not an angel but the young and vigorous Christ.
As with his near contemporaries Pompeo Batoni and Anton Raphael Mengs, Liotard, a citizen of Geneva, was obliged to travel among the network of 18th-century courts in the search for patrons and sitters.