Anton Webern


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Related to Anton Webern: Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Igor Stravinsky

Webern, Anton

 

Born Dec. 3, 1883, in Vienna; died Sept. 15, 1945, in Mittersill, near Salzburg. Austrian composer and conductor.

Webern studied musicology under G. Adler at the University of Vienna (1902-06) and composition under A. Schönberg (1904-08). From 1908 he worked as an operatic and symphonic conductor in Austrian and German cities as well as in Prague. He directed the chorus of the Vienna Workers’ Choral Society. During 1927-38, Webern was a conductor on the Austrian radio but was discharged from this position after the establishment of the Nazi regime in Austria.

Webern composed a number of orchestral and chamber works, as well as songs, cantatas, and choral works. An adherent of Schönberg’s atonal school, Webern carried its principles to extreme forms of expression. Maximum refinement of sound is combined in Webern’s music with a rigid structural scheme and an abstractness of concept. His creative work determined the formalistic trends in postwar avant-garde music in the West. Webern’s cycle of conversations Paths to the New Music was published posthumously (1960).

REFERENCES

Reich, W. A. Webern: Weg und Gestalt. Zürich, 1961.
A. Webern. Vienna, 1955.
Kolneder, W. A. Webern: Einführung in Werk und Stil. Roden- kirchen, 1961.

IU. V. KELDYSH

References in periodicals archive ?
Written before he gained his reputation as one of the 20th Century's leading avant-garde "12 tone'"composers, Vienna's own Anton Webern composed his lyrical and passionate Langsamer Satz - or Slow Movement - when 21 and in love with his cousin, whom he later married.
Other composers represented include Anton Webern, Jeno Takacs, Gyorgy Kurtag and Arvo Part.
State Theater, features Balanchine's Episodes, an intricate abstraction set to music by serial composer Anton Webern, and that sublime confection, Vienna Waltzes.
He, along with Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern, developed the system of composition based on the 12note technique.
Movement 2, ``The Accidental Death of Anton Webern,'' contains a bit of plot clutter and a few too many characters.
The program opens and closes with performances of a fugue from Bach's Musical Offering, arranged for chamber music by Anton Webern.
The Grosse Fuge will never be child's play but just over a century later another Viennese composer, Anton Webern, was writing in an idiom undreamt of in Beethoven's day.
What makes this constant revisiting and genre-bending another of the alleged problems in reading Jonke is the confusion readers and audiences sometimes experience at watching on the stage a work they knew as a radio play (back then before graz) or reading a novella they had first encountered as a television film (Der Kopf des Georg Friedrich Handel (The Head of George Frederick Handel) or Geblendeter Augenblick: Anton Weberns Tod (Blinding Moment: The Death of Anton Webern)).
A play that blends the lives and music of composers Frank Bridge, Anton Webern and Olivier Messiaen during the first and second world wars, ``War Music'' won an Ovation Award for world premiere production and for its acting ensemble.
Jiri Kylian contributed a striking work, No More Play, to astringent music by Anton Webern.
At the forefront of atonal writing was Arnold Schoenberg and his colleagues Anton Webern and Alban Berg.
There are terrible things to be seen in these pages--the spectacle of Anton Webern reading Mein Kampf as late as 1940, finding it "exhilarating," and following "every.