Antonio Guiteras

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Guiteras, Antonio


Born 1905 in Philadelphia, USA; died May 8, 1935, in El Morillo, in Matanzas Province. Social activist and statesman of Cuba.

Guiteras in the 1920’s became one of the leaders of the révolutionary student movement. He was an active participant in the struggle against the dictatorship of Machado. In the révolutionary provisional government (September 1933 to January 1934) Guiteras occupied the posts of minister of war and minister of internal affairs, and he carried out a number of reforms to limit the activity of imperialist monopolies and to defend the rights of the working people. In 1934 he founded the nationalistic and revolutionary organization Young Cuba, which fought against the dictatorship of Batista and Zaldívar. Guiteras was one of the leaders of the general strike in March 1935. He died as a hero in the unequal battle with the forces of Batista.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Antonio Guiteras (Delicias) mill has a daily grinding capacity of 9,200 tons of cane; it currently ranks among the three top producers in Cuba, yielding some 100,000 tons per harvest.
The 330-megawatt Antonio Guiteras thermal power plant is reportedly the most efficient in Cuba, consuming 10,000 barrels of fuel oil a day.
Among them: Antonio Guiteras in Las Tunas, accounting for 8-10% of national sugar production.
But reports of serious damage to the Antonio Guiteras sugar mill in Las Tunas (the largest in the island) and the 30 de Noviembre in Pinar del Rio (the most important in the west) along with damage to plantations, indicate a sharp drop in Cuba's production plans; the island might even be forced to buy extra sugar abroad to meet domestic demand.
Carupano served the mills Antonio Guiteras (formerly Delicias), producing above 200,000 tons in the mid 1980s (its record was set in 1985, with 218,200 tons), and Jesus Menendez (formerly Chaparra), which had the capacity to produce 120,000 tons of sugar annually (see story, page 11).
The Antonio Guiteras (Delicias) mill has a daily grinding capacity of 12,470 tons of cane; it is currently the top producer in Cuba.
The Antonio Guiteras thermal power plant with 330 MW capacity is reportedly the most efficient in the country.
These include Antonio Guiteras, Arquimedes Colina, Duquesne, Arlee Manalich, Hector Molina and Santa Cruz.
In May, in a catastrophic oversight during a routine maintenance shutdown, one of the main rotors was damaged at the Antonio Guiteras power station in Matanzas, the largest thermoelectric plant in the Cuban electrical system (see map, page 10).
In late September, Castro himself went on TV to discuss the difficulties plaguing the Cuba's electrical grid, particularly a severe mechanical problem in a turbine in Cuba's most important thermoelectrical plant, the Antonio Guiteras plant in Matanzas province.
Sugar Ministry executive Oscar Almazan said that another 16 sugar mills will join to help alleviate power cuts caused by the repair of the Antonio Guiteras power station in Matanzas.
Yet that's precisely what happened when the Antonio Guiteras thermoelectric plant in Matanzas broke down, depriving the island of 15% of its daily power needs.