Antonio José de Sucre

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Sucre, Antonio José de

 

Born Feb. 3, 1795, at Cumaná, Venezuela; died June 4,1830, in Colombia. One of the leaders of the war for independence of the Spanish colonies in America from 1810 to 1826. Close comrade-in-arms of S. Bolivar. General (1818) and marshal (1824).

Sucre began his service with the army of F. Miranda in 1810. Subsequently he headed the liberation campaign in Ecuador, and on May 24, 1822, he defeated the Spanish forces at Pichincha. During the liberation campaign in Peru, he won a decisive victory at Ayacucho in December 1824, and in February 1825 he entered La Paz. Sucre played a prominent role in the establishment of the republic of Bolivia in upper Peru in August 1825 and became its temporary president in April 1826. He left the country in May 1828, as an anti-Bolívar revolt was in course. During the Peruvian forces’ invasion of Grán Colombia, Sucre won a victory in February 1829 near Junin. In 1830 he became president of the National Congress of Gran Colombia. He was assassinated by members of the opposition. Named after Sucre are a city in southern Bolivia, a state in northeastern Venezuela, and a unit of currency in Ecuador.

WORKS

Cartas al Libertador (1820–1830), vols. 1–2. Madrid, 1919.

REFERENCE

Lavretskii, I. Bolivar, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
But because of suspicions about Chavez's motive, other Latin American rulers compelled him to include in the list of ALBA's inspirers such eminent figures as Jose Marti, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose de San Martin and Augusto Cesar Sandino.
The new Mariscal Antonio Jose de Sucre airport replaces the cityOs previous facility of the same name, which was located in a heavily populated area and deemed unsuitable for expansion.
In it, Chavez stressed two points: 1) Unity in diversity --cultural, linguistic, ethnic, religious, ideological --which is seen within CELAC and is a tribute that, two centuries after the liberating actions that would bring them independence from Spain and Portugal, the American nations pay to Simon Bolivar, Jose Artigas, Jose de San Martin, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose Marti, and others; 2) frequent references to Bolivar, his historical point of reference.
Our battles for independence, we learned in history books, were won by Generals Arturo and Luis Salvatierra, his forebears, heroic liberators, along with their aides-de-camp, a certain Simon Bolivar and Antonio Jose de Sucre.
He is the biographer of the Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho, Antonio Jose de Sucre.
In 1822, he and Antonio Jose de Sucre (SOO-kray), a trusted general, did the same for Ecuador.
Strengthening Civil Association of Agricultural Producers Antonio Jose de Sucre to improve their marketing .
But because of suspicions about Chavez's ulterior motive, other Latin American rulers have compelled him to include in the list of ALBA's inspirers such eminent figures as Jose Marti, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose de San Martin and Augusto Cesar Sandino.
Another spontaneous revolt had earlier deposed the royalist authorities at Guayaquil, and Bolivar commissioned his trusted lieutenant Antonio Jose de Sucre to proceed there to organize a campaign against Quito.
But because of suspicions about the ulterior motives of Chavez, the other rulers in the region have compelled their Venezuelan counterpart to include in the list of ALBA's inspirers such eminent Latin American figures as Jose Marti, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose de San Martin and Augusto Cesar Sandino.
Equally significant were his years at Colegio Junin, the first secondary school in his hometown, established in 1826 by Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bolivia's first president.
Some say that each day she wept at the grave of Field Marshal Antonio Jose de Sucre, her first husband, the great man she had reluctantly accepted.