Antonio Salieri


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Salieri, Antonio

(äntô`nyō sälyā`rē), 1750–1825, Italian composer and conductor. He received his first training in Italy, going afterward (1766) to Vienna, where he remained as conductor of the opera and later (1788–1824) as court conductor. He was a friend of Haydn, and he taught Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. Mozart, however, distrusted him and believed that Salieri tried to poison him. Though Mozart's claim was never substantiated, an opera by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Mozart et Salieri (1898) and a play by Peter Shaffer, Amadeus (1979; filmed 1984) have depicted Salieri as treacherously jealous of Mozart's genius. The most successful of his 43 operas were Les Danaïdes (1784) and Tarare (1787). He also wrote instrumental pieces and church music.

Salieri, Antonio

 

Born Aug. 18, 1750, in Legnago, near Verona; died May 7, 1825, in Vienna. Italian composer, conductor, and teacher.

In 1766, Salieri settled in Vienna, where he became court composer in 1774 and Kapellmeister in 1788. He directed the Italian opera company until 1790 and the court choir until 1824. He wrote many operas, including Armida (1771) and Europa riconosciuta (1778, for the opening of La Scala in Milan), oratorios, and instrumental works. Salieri was close to C. W. Gluck, who worked with him on the Paris production of Salieri’s opera Les Danaïdes (1784). Among Salieri’s students were Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. According to a legend, Salieri poisoned Mozart; this myth was the basis of A. S. Pushkin’s “little tragedy” Mozart and Salieri.

REFERENCES

Shteinpress, B. “Mif ob ispovedi Sal’eri.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1963, no. 7.
Shteinpress, B. “13 legend bo Antonio Sal’eri.” Muzykal’naia zhizn’, 1963, no. 23.
Shteinpress, B. “Sal’eri segodnia.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1975, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
She notes, for example, that "Turkish" music retained its martial associations, being used to accompany entertainments such as bear baiting and dog fights, before it was adopted by such composers as Antonio Salieri, Mozart, and Joseph Haydn--who turned out martial and comic Turkish pieces while recalling that his great-grandparents had been killed in an Ottoman raid in 1683.
Antonio Salieri was a composer of immense accomplishment who rose to positions of great eminence in late-18th century Vienna.
Murray Abraham, who won an Oscar for Best Actor in a Leading role back in 1985 for his performance as Antonio Salieri in Amadeus.
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Whatever it was, it wasn't the result of poisoning by his fellow composer Antonio Salieri.
Court composer Antonio Salieri, played by Murray Abraham, is maddened with envy after discovering that the divine musical gifts he desires for himself have been bestowed on the bawdy, impish Mozart, played by Tom Hulce.
Wallace detailed in Nick Broomfield's forthcoming ``Biggie & Tupac'' guerrilla documentary have sparked enough innuendo to rival ``Amadeus,'' the play and movie that spun off the long-held rumor that composer Antonio Salieri had a hand in the death of the more talented Wolfgang Mozart.
As the play opens, the aged composer Antonio Salieri is calling out to Mozart for forgiveness, a forgiveness that won't come because Mozart is dead.
Perhaps the most famous 'lesser' composer of the eighteenth century is Antonio Salieri, known to millions who saw the absurd film, 'Amadeus', as the man who 'murdered' Mozart.
4, movements 2 and 4; and the chorus Das Lob der Musik composed by Antonio Salieri for, and performed at, a Gesellschaft concert in 1818 by principals from the Vienna Philharmonic and a representation of the Singverein.
And while the title refers to the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the action is dominated by Ian Eaton, playing the brilliant young man's jealous rival Antonio Salieri, Court composer for the Emperor of Austria in the late 18th.
AMADEUS FILM4, 9pm Milos Forman's Oscer-winning film tells the story of the life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Oscar-nominated Tom Hulce) through the eyes of his bitter rival Antonio Salieri (Oscar-winning F Murray Abraham).