Antonio Vivaldi


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Related to Antonio Vivaldi: George Frideric Handel

Vivaldi, Antonio

(äntô`nyō vēväl`dē), 1678–1741, Italian composer. He was the greatest master of Italian baroque, particularly of violin music and the concerto grosso. Vivaldi received his early training from his father, a violinist at St. Mark's, Venice, and later studied with Giovanni Legrenzi. Ordained a priest in 1703, Vivaldi spent most of his life after 1709 in Venice, teaching and playing the violin and writing music for the Pietà, one of Venice's four music conservatories for orphaned girls. Although he produced quantities of vocal music (including 46 operas), he is remembered chiefly for his instrumental music—sonatas; concerti grossi, including four famous ones known as The Four Seasons; and 447 concertos for violin and other instruments. Vivaldi's style is characterized by driving rhythm, clarity, and lyrical melody. He helped standardize the three-movement concerto form later used by J. S. Bach and others. Vivaldi's brilliant allegros and impassioned slow movements were greatly admired by Bach, who arranged 10 of the solo concertos for other instruments. After Vivaldi's death his music was forgotten, but in the early 20th cent. his works were rediscovered.

Bibliography

See biographies by W. Kolneder (tr. 1971) and A. Kendall (exp. ed. 1989).

Vivaldi, Antonio

 

Born Mar. 4, 1678, in Venice; buried July 28, 1741, in Vienna. Italian composer, violinist, and teacher.

Vivaldi studied violin with his father Giovanni Battista Vivaldi and composition with G. Legrenzi. Beginning in 1714 he was the director of the orchestra and choir of the Conservatorio della Pieta in Venice. Vivaldi was the most important representative of 18th-century Italian violin art, establishing the new (dramatized, so-called Lombardy) style of performance. He created the genre of the concerto for solo instruments and was influential in the development of virtuoso violin technique. Vivaldi was a master of the orchestral ensemble concerto—the concerto grosso. He composed operas (about 30), cantatas, symphonies, and more than 460 concertos, including the cycle of four violin concertos entitled “The Four Seasons—” an early example of symphonic program music. Vivaldi also wrote church music and other works.

REFERENCES

Rinaldi, M. Antonio Vivaldi. Milan, 1943.
Rinaldi, M. Catalogo numerico tematico delle composizioni di A. Vivaldi. Rome, 1945.
Pincherle, M. Antonio Vivaldi et la musique instrumental, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1948.
Conde. R. de. Vivaldi. Rome. 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Solo for Cecilia Mikkelsen allows us to share the musical world of Antonio Vivaldi and the passionate personal world of a young girl he touched and moved through his music.
Or dreaming a rodeo rider named Antonio Vivaldi in an American body.
These meeting rooms will be known as the Vivaldi Meeting Rooms, named after Antonio Vivaldi, Italy's most famous composer.
The concert will include music by Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi, Argentine composer Astor Piazzolla, and American composer Philip Glass, all focusing on the theme of the four seasons.
She would play Countess Teragni in a biography of the life of composer Antonio Vivaldi.
sc=miG302), which features orchestras, soloists and choirs from Arthur Fiedler & The Boston Pops Orchestra, Antonio Vivaldi and The Cambridge Singers, will provide relaxing seasonal sounds while you decorate the tree and wrap gifts this year.
Thus it features music by Antonin Reichenauer (the world premiere recording of the Trio Sonata in B flat major and the superb Quartet in G minor for violin, cello, bassoon and basso continuo), Frantisek lgnac Antonin Tuma (the world premiere recording of the splendid Partita in C major), Frantisek Jiranek (the world premiere recording of the Trio Sonata in B flat major for two violins), alongside compositions by Johann Friedrich Fasch (Concerto in C major for flute, violin and bassoon, Concerto in D major for two flutes), Antonio Vivaldi (Trio in G minor for violin and lute, with Evangelina Mascardi playing the lute) and Antonio Caldara (the violin Sonata in A major).
Vivaldi Vespers includes some of the most extrovert and joyous sacred music ever written by the Venetian composer Antonio Vivaldi.
A RECENTLY discovered violin sonata by Antonio Vivaldi will be given its first performance in modern times at a concert in Liverpool on Sunday.
Auch im neuesten Band dieser Reihe uber Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) enthullt der Autor Siegbert Rampe wieder Neues uber Vivaldis Leben und Werk und widerlegt lang eingeschliffene Legenden.
Other concerts coming up include baroque ensemble Red Priest, named after the flame-haired Antonio Vivaldi, who will play on June 12; baritone William Dazeley and pianist Richard Peirson on September 20; teenage pianist Benjamin Grosvenor on October 11 and Birmingham-based choir Ex Cathedra on December 12.
All of the works on the disc come from the early seventeenth century, the composers being the ever-popular Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, and George Friedrich Handel, of course; the lesser-known Pietro Locatelli and Johann Friedrich Fasch; and least-known Leonardo Leo.