Antonio Vivaldi


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Antonio Vivaldi: George Frideric Handel

Vivaldi, Antonio

(äntô`nyō vēväl`dē), 1678–1741, Italian composer. He was the greatest master of Italian baroque, particularly of violin music and the concerto grosso. Vivaldi received his early training from his father, a violinist at St. Mark's, Venice, and later studied with Giovanni Legrenzi. Ordained a priest in 1703, Vivaldi spent most of his life after 1709 in Venice, teaching and playing the violin and writing music for the Pietà, one of Venice's four music conservatories for orphaned girls. Although he produced quantities of vocal music (including 46 operas), he is remembered chiefly for his instrumental music—sonatas; concerti grossi, including four famous ones known as The Four Seasons; and 447 concertos for violin and other instruments. Vivaldi's style is characterized by driving rhythm, clarity, and lyrical melody. He helped standardize the three-movement concerto form later used by J. S. Bach and others. Vivaldi's brilliant allegros and impassioned slow movements were greatly admired by Bach, who arranged 10 of the solo concertos for other instruments. After Vivaldi's death his music was forgotten, but in the early 20th cent. his works were rediscovered.

Bibliography

See biographies by W. Kolneder (tr. 1971) and A. Kendall (exp. ed. 1989).

Vivaldi, Antonio

 

Born Mar. 4, 1678, in Venice; buried July 28, 1741, in Vienna. Italian composer, violinist, and teacher.

Vivaldi studied violin with his father Giovanni Battista Vivaldi and composition with G. Legrenzi. Beginning in 1714 he was the director of the orchestra and choir of the Conservatorio della Pieta in Venice. Vivaldi was the most important representative of 18th-century Italian violin art, establishing the new (dramatized, so-called Lombardy) style of performance. He created the genre of the concerto for solo instruments and was influential in the development of virtuoso violin technique. Vivaldi was a master of the orchestral ensemble concerto—the concerto grosso. He composed operas (about 30), cantatas, symphonies, and more than 460 concertos, including the cycle of four violin concertos entitled “The Four Seasons—” an early example of symphonic program music. Vivaldi also wrote church music and other works.

REFERENCES

Rinaldi, M. Antonio Vivaldi. Milan, 1943.
Rinaldi, M. Catalogo numerico tematico delle composizioni di A. Vivaldi. Rome, 1945.
Pincherle, M. Antonio Vivaldi et la musique instrumental, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1948.
Conde. R. de. Vivaldi. Rome. 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
La Caccia by Antonio Vivaldi, arranged for four horns and organ.
55 Catterick Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741), known as Il Prete Rosso (the Red Priest), was an Italian composer, priest and virtuoso violinist.
This concert includes selections from Bohemian born German baroque master Jan Dismas Zelenka pitted against the music of Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi.
Intended for young readers age seven to eleven, I, Vivaldi is a children's picturebook story about the childhood of classical violinist and composer Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741).
In the case of Fabio Biondi and his Europa Galante ensemble, that is clearly the work of Antonio Vivaldi.
Whether this manor was a Red House (maison rouge) or on a ridge, or named with an obsolete word, its suggestion of redness (ruddy, rougie) served Olga as a kind of heraldry: she dyed her hair red when she discovered, transcribed, and played in concert the glorious music of Antonio Vivaldi, "the red priest of Venice.
Top of the dinner-party pops was not Robbie Williams or George Michael but the 17th century classical composer Antonio Vivaldi.
Mikkelsen brings the distant, eighteenth-century world of the Venetian courtesan Cecilia Capirosso to life, making Venice not only the setting for her story but also one of its characters, a vibrant, illustrious, gilded one, in a tale of life, love, music, and one very special musician-composer, the brilliant and glorious Antonio Vivaldi.
Or dreaming a rodeo rider named Antonio Vivaldi in an American body.
The two chamber concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, while unquestionably in the spirit of The winged lion, would seem an unusual choice in a programme otherwise devoted to music from the mid-17th century, although it is an interesting change to hear this music played with stylistic influences from an earlier period.
These meeting rooms will be known as the Vivaldi Meeting Rooms, named after Antonio Vivaldi, Italy's most famous composer.