António de Oliveira Salazar

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Salazar, António de Oliveira


Born Apr. 28, 1889, in Santa Comba Dão, Beira Alta Province, Portugal; died July 27, 1970, in Lisbon. Portguese state figure.

Salazar graduated from a Jesuit school and then from the University of Coimbra, where he was an economics professor from 1917 to 1928. He was one of the founders of the Catholic Center Party (1918) and was elected a deputy to parliament from that party in 1921. For a few days in 1926, after the military coup, and again from 1928 to 1940 he was minister of finance; in 1930 he was also minister of colonies. From 1932 to 1968 he was prime minister and the de facto dictator of Portugal. He was also minister of war from 1936 to 1944 and minister of foreign affairs from 1936 to 1947. In 1930 he founded the fascist National Union Party and proposed a “unitary corporative republic.” He helped draft the 1933 constitution and the addendum to it—the Colonial Act—which gave final expression to the establishment of a corporative fascist state in Portugal. Beginning in 1968 he was no longer active in government because of ill health.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the spring of 1974, a coup d'etat in Portugal sent the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar tumbling from power.
Of which European country was Antonio de Oliveira Salazar the prime minister from 1932 to 1968?
This is a political biography of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, the autocratic ruler of Portugal from 1928 to 1968.
Antonio de Oliveira Salazar was the dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.
During this time, the country was profoundly Catholic and ruled by repressive dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, but it still had a strong oral tradition--and all this made a mark on Rego.
The Portuguese Estado Novo (New State) (1933-1974) was described frequently by its leader Antonio de Oliveira Salazar as an apolitical regime.
Long associated with the earthy street corners, brothels and speakeasies of Porto and Lisbon, fado reached the apotheosis of its popularity during the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, from 1926 to 1968.
And giving a good indication of the Portuguese psyche, the winner was former dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, the far left leader who ruled the country with a rod of iron for more than 40 years.
The oppression of both the native populations of Portugal's African colonies and the people of Portugal themselves by the dictatorial regime of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, forced the then 19-year-old De Figueiredo to join the Portuguese clandestine resistance against Salazar.
Lewis; from Continental Europe, Francisco Franco, Draza Mihailovich, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty, and a Swiss general named Henri Guisan.
NATO had no objection to the oppression in Portugal carried out by Antonio de Oliveira Salazar and Marcello Caetano, who were busy annihilating "liberation" movements almost identical to the Kosovo Liberation Army.
Published more than twenty years after the fall of the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, this novel allegorizes not only the nearly fifty-year regime, but also the transition to democracy and subsequent period of modernization.