Antti Amatus Aarne

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Aarne, An̄tti Amatus

 

Born Dec. 5, 1867, in Bjorneborg; died Feb. 5, 1925, in Helsinki. Finnish folklorist.

A representative of the so-called Finnish historicogeographic school of folklore, Aarne worked out and validated the technical devices of the comparative method and gave examples of its applications to folktales, riddles, and songs. Aarne’s theoretical formulations are marked by oversimplification and formalism. His most important works are An Index of Folktale Types (1910), The Principles of the Comparative Study of Folktales (1913), A Survey of the Literature on Folktales (1914), and A Comparative Study of Riddles (volumes 1–3 published in 1918). On the basis of Aarne’s index, N. P. Andreev in 1929 compiled the Russian Index of Folktale Plots Using Aarne’s System.

REFERENCES

Andreev, N. “Antti Aarne.” Khudozhestvennyi fol’klor, 1926, no. 1.
Sokolov, Iu. M. Russkii fol’klor. Moscow, 1941.
Konkka, U. “Finskaia shkola’o skazke.” Trudy Karel’skogo Filiala AN. Voprosy literatury i narodnogo tvorchestva, Petrozavodsk, 1959, issue 20.
References in periodicals archive ?
From Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson, who were the very first, followed by Vladimir Propp, Alan Dundes, Denise Paulme, Samuel-Marcel Eno Belinga, Veronica Gorog, Jean Derive to name but a few.
The work of Antti Aarne on the classification of fabulous tales, followed up and developed by that of Stith Thompson, are primary points of reference in this branch of oral literature research.
Depuis Antti Aarne et Stith Thompson, les tout premiers, puis Vladimir Propp, Alan Dundes, Denise Paulme, Samuel-Marcel Eno Belinga, Veronica Gorog, Jean Derive, etc.
Les travaux de Antti Aarne sur la classification des contes merveilleux, relayes et etayes par ceux de Stith Thompson sont des references de premier ordre dans cet axe de recherche en litterature orale.