Anwar Al- Sadat
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Sadat, Anwar Al-
Born Dec. 25, 1918, in the village of Mit Abu al-Qum, Minuf Province. Egyptian state and political figure.
In 1938, Sadat graduated from the military academy in Cairo. In 1940 he joined a secret society for officers and was closely connected with the nationalist organizations Misr al-Fatat (Young Egypt) and the Muslim Brotherhood; the British colonial authorities subjected him to punitive measures. Sadat also took part in the activities of the Free Officers, the political organization that under the leadership of G. A. Nasser prepared and carried out the anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution of July 23, 1952.
From 1953 to 1956, Sadat was a member of the Revolutionary Command Council. In 1955 and 1956 he was a minister of state, and from 1957 a deputy to the National Assembly. In 1957 and 1958 he was vice-president of the National Assembly, and in the periods 1960–61 and 1964–68, its president. From 1964 to 1968 and again from 1969 to 1970, Sadat was vice-president of Egypt. In October 1970 he became president of Egypt. Since 1962, Sadat has been a member of the Arab Socialist Union, and since 1970, its chairman.