Anzengruber, Ludwig

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Anzengruber, Ludwig

(lo͝ot`vĭkh än`tsəngro͞o'bər), 1839–89, Austrian writer. An actor and a clerk in the imperial police, Anzengruber had little success as a writer until the production (1870) of his anticlerical play Der Pfarrer von Kirchfeld [the parish priest of Kirchfeld]. It was the first of a series of folk plays and was followed by Der Meineidbauer (1871, tr. The Farmer Forsworn, 1913–15) and Die Kreuzelschreiber (1872, tr. The Crossmakers, 1958). Das vierte Gebot (1878, tr. The Fourth Commandment, 1912) is an early example of naturalismnaturalism,
in literature, an approach that proceeds from an analysis of reality in terms of natural forces, e.g., heredity, environment, physical drives. The chief literary theorist on naturalism was Émile Zola, who said in his essay Le Roman expérimental
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. Anzengruber also wrote short stories and two novels.

Anzengruber, Ludwig


Born Nov. 29, 1839, in Vienna; died Dec. 10, 1889, in Vienna. Austrian playwright and prose writer.

Anzengruber was an itinerant actor and began his literary activity with the play The Priest from Kirchfeld (1870), which unmasked the despotism of the Vatican. A critical realist in his artistic method, Anzengruber in his play The Peasant Perjurer (1871), his novel The Spot of Shame (1876), and his play The Fourth Commandment (1878) depicted the prejudices which cripple the lives of so-called illegitimate children. He also depicted capitalist exploitation and the moral degradation of the bourgeois family.


Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1–15. Vienna-Leipzig, 1920–22.
In Russian translation:
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1900.


Büchner, A. Zu Ludwig Anzengrubers Dramatechnik. Darmstadt, 1911.
David, J. J. Anzengruber. Berlin-Leipzig, [1904].