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Anzhero-Sudzhensk(ənzhĕ'rə–so͞o`jĕnsk), city (1989 pop. 108,000), SW Siberian Russia, on the Trans-Siberian RR. One of the oldest and largest coal-mining centers of the Kuznetsk Basin, the city was developed as a source of coal for the railroad. Mining equipment, window glass, and pharmaceuticals are manufactured there.
a city under oblast jurisdiction in Kemerovo Oblast, RSFSR. With a population of 114,000 in 1969 (in 1939, 69,000), it has the Anzherskaia railway station on the Taiga-Achinsk line. The city sprang up in 1897 in connection with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and the commencement of coal mining. One of the major coal industrial centers in the Kuznetsk Coal Basin, Anzhero-Sudzhensk has factories producing mining equipment, glass, and chemicals and pharmaceuticals, a railroad car repair factory, and other factories. Its educational institutions include mining and chemical technology technicums and medical and pedagogical schools.