Anzus Treaty


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Anzus Treaty

(ăn`zəs), defense agreement signed in 1951 by Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. The name Anzus is derived from the initials of the three signatory nations. As a result of the reestablishment of peace between Japan and the United States in 1951, Australia and New Zealand asked for a treaty making it clear that an attack on any of the three signatory countries would be considered an attack upon all. The pact became effective in 1952. New Zealand's 1985 refusal to allow U.S. nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed ships to enter its ports caused the United States to abrogate its ANZUS responsibilities toward New Zealand in 1986; New Zealand has not formally withdrawn from the alliance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Australia alliance under the ANZUS Treaty remains in full force and was enlarged to include cyber security at the 2011 AUSMIN meeting in San Francisco.
In these circumstances, it seemed all the more imperative that New Zealand "should retain the ANZUS Treaty as a central guarantee of our security.
35) Finally, the Prime Minister of Australia declared the attacks sufficient to invoke the Article IV self-defense provisions of the ANZUS treaty.
In neighboring Australia, Prime Minister John Howard also paid tribute to Lange, saying, 'I respected him although I obviously disagreed very strongly with his decision to take New Zealand out of the ANZUS treaty.
Australian diplomacy achieved its greatest triumph when the Truman administration signed the ANZUS treaty in 1951.
Australia's foreign minister has questioned whether the ANZUS treaty would automatically apply in the event of a U.
Australian foreign minister Alexander Downer said his government would consult with the US, as required by the ANZUS treaty, if an attack on Taiwan triggered an American military response, but whether Australia would join the fight was a separate question, he said.
One example concerns the prime minister's use of the ANZUS treaty as the basis of the operation.
Rather than try to live with the New Zealand decision, Washington withdrew its security guarantee to New Zealand under the Anzus Treaty (the 1951 tripartite defense pact among the United States, Australia and New Zealand) as a lesson to other allies.
And I was proud to present it to Prime Minister Howard when he came to Washington to mark the 50th anniversary of the ANZUS Treaty.
This will be the first AUSMIN with the new US Administration, and will build on our strong, dynamic bilateral relationship and our steadfast Alliance, which began with the signing of the ANZUS treaty in 1951.
At the conference Bruce Brown, then the NZIIA's director, examined 'the question of nuclear weapons, which most worries the critics of New Zealand's alignment, in the context of the ANZUS treaty and especially of New Zealand-Australian relations'.