Material bred from whiteflies is typically assumed to be hyperparasitic on aphelinid
primary parasitoids developing in the same host (Viggiani 1982; Evans 2007).
Trichogramma pretiosum had a broader distribution than the aphelinid
wasp, which was collected only in Tucuman (northwestern Argentina).
aligarhensis  Eulophid parasitoids attacking leafminer larvae  Aphelinid
parasitoid attacking scales  Mymarid parasitoid attacking tingid eggs  Mymarid parasitoid attacking cicadellid eggs  Aphelinid
hyperparasitoid attacking D.
nigra parasitoids from 6 families: Encyrtidae, Aphelinidae, Eupelmidae, Eulophidae, Pteromalidae and Signiphoridae, but the encyrtid and aphelinid
species were the most dominant.
wasps are a major source of biocontrol of economically important pest species of hemipteran coccoids, aphids and aleyrodids (Woolley 1997; Hanson et al.
parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae) from India.
Reviews of the species in the more important aphelinid
genera used for biocontrol in Mexico--Aphytis Howard, Eretmocerus Haldeman and Coccophagus Westwood--were published (Myartseva 2006a, 2006b, 2011a).
parasitoids of Bemisia argentifolii (Hemiptera; Aleyrodidae).
is a cosmopolitan armored scale parasitoid that is widespread in the United States, attacking many armored scale species (Diaspididae) (Krombein et al.
parasitoids of Bemisia argentifohi (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) European J.
In addition, a pre-existing cosmopolitan polyphagous aphelinid
, Encarsia citrina (Crawford), was observed in samples from Massachusetts.
The gender was not determined for all tested aphelinid
individuals because the small amount of sexual dimorphism made determining gender difficult until distinguishing morphological characteristics were better understood.