Aphelinid

(redirected from Aphelinidae)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Aphelinid

 

(Aphelinus mali), a parasitic hymenopteron from the family Chalcididae.

The body of the aphelinid is 1.2 mm long. It is found in North America, where it is used to combat the woolly aphid, a dangerous apple pest. The female parasite lays her eggs in the aphids, where the larvae develop; this causes the aphids to die. The aphelinid was introduced into the USSR during the period 1926–30, multiplied in laboratories, and released in the Caucasus and the Ukraine in aphid-infested orchards, where it acclimatized and now keeps down the reproduction of the wooly aphid.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The main parasitoids in the family Aphelinidae are species of the genus Coccophagus Westwood.
In the family Aphelinidae, Coccophagus is the second most speciose genus after Encarsia Foerster.
First report of Encarsia colima Myartseva from India and other distributional records of Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Kerala and Tamil Nadu, India.
All Aphelinidae are parasitoids, the most common hosts being hemipterans in the suborder Stenorrhyncha; many species of Aphelinidae have great economic importance in biological control of insect pests, including whiteflies (Aleyrodidae), armored scales (Diaspididae), soft scales (Coccidae) and aphids (Aphididae) (Woolley 1997).
Aphelinidae contains 40 genera and more than 1,350 species in the world (Woolley 1997; Jung-Wook & Heraty 2012; Noyes 2012).
The families Aphelinidae, Braconidae, Encyrtidae, Ichneumonidae, Pteromalidae, Trichogrammatidae and Eulophidae in the order Hymenoptera are the most commonly used parasitoids for biological control of insects (Van Driesche & Bellows 1996).
These families include Ichneumonidae (Arthur & Wylie 1959), Pteromalidae (Assem 1971), Braconidae (Tillman & Cate 1993), Aphelinidae (Opp & Luck 1986) and Eulophidae (Corrigan & Lashomb 1990); in addition to the Trichogrammatidae demonstrated by Salt (1940).
Revision of Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) in Egypt, pp.
Aphelinidae of India (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea): A Taxonomic Revision.
The use of Aphelinidae parasitoids (Hymenoptera) has yielded satisfactory results in numerous examples of biological control of whiteflies such as Encarsia formosa Gahan (Hoddle 2004; Pilkington et al.
Hymenopteran Location Plant Curculionidae: Scolytinae Family species Raffaelea Ambrosiodmus lauricola develuxus Aphelinidae Dade Pa no Bethylidae St.