Apocynaceae


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Related to Apocynaceae: Asclepiadaceae, Gentianales

Apocynaceae

[ə‚päs·ə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of tropical and subtropical flowering trees, shrubs, and vines in the order Gentianales, characterized by a well-developed latex system, granular pollen, a poorly developed corona, and the carpels often united by the style and stigma; well-known members are oleander and periwinkle.

Apocynaceae

 

(dogbane), a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs; less frequently, they are perennial herbs. The plants often contain a milky juice. The leaves are simple, entire, and generally opposite. The flowers, which are solitary or in inflorescences, are bisexual, regular, and usually five-lobed. The calyx often has internal glands. The corolla is usually tubular and twisted. There are more than 200 genera (over 2,000 species), distributed predominantly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Important species in the USSR include dogbanes of the genus Apocynum, which yield fiber, and periwinkles of the genus Vinca and oleanders of the genus Nerium, which are cultivated as ornamentals. Many plants of this family are rubber plants (for example, Landolphia, Fun-tumia, and Clitandra); others yield valuable wood (Aspidos-perma), edible fruits (Carissa), tannins (quebracho), and dyes (Wrightia). Several plants, including those of the genera Rau-volfia and Strophantus, are poisonous and are used as medicinal plants.

References in periodicals archive ?
Los glucosidos cardiotonicos se encuentran en varios generos pertenecientes a las familias Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Celastraceae, Brassicaceae, Scrophulariaceae y Ranunculaceae, entre otras (11).
Pólen arbóreo é representado pelas espécies de Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Arecaceae, Bignoniaceae, Boraginaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Flacourticaceae, Lauraceae, Meliaceae, Myrsinaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapindaceae e Tiliaceae.
divaricata belongs to the Apocynaceae family, Plumeroidae subfamily, Tabermontanae tribe and Tabernaemontana genus.
SWD (cap; B, OA, WA) Apocynaceae Macrosiphonia macrosiphon (Torr.
With respect to the two-styled-two stigma bearing interpretation of the fossil, the Apocynaceae is a family in which the combination divided styles, tortuous corolla and capitate stigmas occur, and all are possibly present in S.
Families Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae or Leguminoseae, Labiatae/Lamiaceae, Musaceae, Myrtaceae, Palmae/Arecaceae, Verbenaceae, and Sellaginellaceae were represented by two (2) species each, while the rest of the families were all represented by one (1) species.
Ervatamia coronaria Stapf (Synonym: Tabernaemontana divaricata) belonging to the family Apocynaceae, is a glabrous, evergreen tree indigenous to India and is cultivated in gardens for its ornamental and fragrant flowers.
Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Berberidaceae, Cactaceae, Convolvulaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Gentianaceae, Lamiaceae, Linaceae, Loasaceae, Malvaceae, Melianthaceae, Monimiaceae, Nartheciaceae, Oleaceae, Passifloraceae, Plantaginaceae, Polygonaceae, Rubiaceae, Salicaceae and Tetrameristaceae (Table 1).
Oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree from 5 to 25-ft tall containing gummy sticky sap in the dogbane family Apocynaceae.
CPT was discovered in several other species belonging to the families Icacinaceae, Rubiaceae, Apocynaceae and Loganiaceae (Lorence and Craig 2004), with the highest concentration reported from Mappia foetida (Graham) Mabb.