Apocynaceae


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Related to Apocynaceae: Asclepiadaceae, Gentianales

Apocynaceae

[ə‚päs·ə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of tropical and subtropical flowering trees, shrubs, and vines in the order Gentianales, characterized by a well-developed latex system, granular pollen, a poorly developed corona, and the carpels often united by the style and stigma; well-known members are oleander and periwinkle.

Apocynaceae

 

(dogbane), a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs; less frequently, they are perennial herbs. The plants often contain a milky juice. The leaves are simple, entire, and generally opposite. The flowers, which are solitary or in inflorescences, are bisexual, regular, and usually five-lobed. The calyx often has internal glands. The corolla is usually tubular and twisted. There are more than 200 genera (over 2,000 species), distributed predominantly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Important species in the USSR include dogbanes of the genus Apocynum, which yield fiber, and periwinkles of the genus Vinca and oleanders of the genus Nerium, which are cultivated as ornamentals. Many plants of this family are rubber plants (for example, Landolphia, Fun-tumia, and Clitandra); others yield valuable wood (Aspidos-perma), edible fruits (Carissa), tannins (quebracho), and dyes (Wrightia). Several plants, including those of the genera Rau-volfia and Strophantus, are poisonous and are used as medicinal plants.

References in periodicals archive ?
A phylogenetic and taxonomic study of the Apocynaceae subfamily Apocynoideae of Mexico with a synopsis of subfamily Plumerioideae.
Phytochemical and antibacterial screening of seven apocynaceae species against human pathogens.
Phylogenetic signal detection from an ancient rapid radiation: Effects of noise reduction, long-branch attraction, and model selection in crown clade Apocynaceae.
Xu, "Progress of pharmacological studies on alkaloids from Apocynaceae," Journal of Asian Natural Products Research, vol.
portobellensis, y su seleccion se baso en la relacion de la tribu Tithoreini (Ithomiinae) con la familia Apocynaceae, y en trabajos previos de Constantino (1997) y Neild (2008) con el uso de especies de Prestonia.
So far, 12 species of the family Apocynaceae, namely, Allamanda cathartica, Alstonia scholaris, Alyxia sinensis, Catharanthus roseus, Cerbera manghas, Melodinus suaveolens, Nerium oleander, Plumeria acutifolia, Strophanthus divaricatus, Tabernaemontana divaricata, Thevetia peruviana, and Trachelospermum jasminoides, have been evaluated for fungal endophytes from foliar segments, phloem (C.
X4218 3729 Breteler (018319) discreta APOCYNACEAE Aspidosperma X3720 PE 86 sp.
Families like Amaryllidaceae, Apocynaceae, Buxaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabacae, Liliaceae, Papaveraceae, Ranunculaceae and Solanaceae are particularly rich in alkaloids.
Families Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae or Leguminoseae, Labiatae/Lamiaceae, Musaceae, Myrtaceae, Palmae/Arecaceae, Verbenaceae, and Sellaginellaceae were represented by two (2) species each, while the rest of the families were all represented by one (1) species.
Estudio Quimico de Plantas Colombianas de Familias Compuestas y Apocynaceae.