(ăp'əlō`nēəs rō`dēəs), fl. 3d cent. B.C., epic poet of Alexandria and Rhodes. He became librarian at Alexandria. His extant work, the Argonautica, is a Homeric imitation in four books on the story of the Argonaut heroes.
In the ancient world their love story was well known; Homer, Plato, Apollonius Rhodius, Meleager and Lucretius are among the writers who mentioned it (34) and its representation in visual art was also very popular.
Both examples of group (f) are meant to explain the etymology of two terms: the above mentioned scholium on a verse of Apollonius Rhodius, showing much imagination, connects the adjective [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "obscure" to the botanic name [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "rush" and the reason for the relation is that rush can denote obscurity because it is a thick plant; (20) the Homeric scholium, reasonably, ties the adjective [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "dark" to "[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "Erebos" (which is one of the parts of Hades)--the same name signifying "obscurity, darkness," too.
The work is mentioned by a scholium explaining Apollonius Rhodius 4.
Scholars have been eager to study the Greek colonies of the Black Sea region such as Sinope, Herakleia and Amastris, that were founded as early as the seventh century BC, not only for their significance in Greek settlement history, but also because the Black Sea was once the scene for Xenophon's Anabasis and the destination of Jason and the Argonauts after the Golden Fleece (Xenophon Anabasis; Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica; Akurgal and Budde 1956).
The story of Jason and the Argonauts has captured the imaginations of translators, adapters, movie producers, and pedants, but until now Greekless readers who wanted a faithful English version of the Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius had to rely on R.