Appian


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Appian

(ăp`ēən), fl. 2d cent., Roman historian. He was a Greek, born in Alexandria. He held various offices in Alexandria, was an advocate in Rome, and then imperial procurator in Egypt. His history of the Roman conquests, from the founding of Rome to the reign of Trajan, is more a collection of monographs on specific events than a continuous history. Although strongly biased in favor of Roman imperialism, it reproduces many documents and sources that otherwise would have been lost. Of the 24 books, written in Greek, only Books VI–VII and Books XI–XVII have been fully preserved.

Appian

 

Died in the 170’s. Historian of ancient Rome.

A Greek by nationality, Appian was born in Alexandria. After gaining Roman citizenship, he was admitted to the equestrian order. He then served as a treasury lawyer in Rome and subsequently as treasury procurator in Egypt. Appian is the author of the Greek-language Roman History, which covers the period from the city’s founding to the beginning of the second century. His main idea was to demonstrate the greatness of Roman power and the justice and expediency of the establishment of Roman rule over other peoples. Constructed on the geographic-ethnic principle, the work consists of 24 books that are basically devoted to the historical interrelationships between Rome and individual peoples. Almost all of books 6–9 and 11–17 have come down to us. Books 18–24 have been completely lost and are known only by their titles; fragments of the other books have been preserved. Book 1 (Kings), Book 2 (Italians), and Book 3 (Samnites) are devoted to the history of Italy. Book 4 deals with Gaul. Books 5–8 discuss the wars between Rome and Carthage. Book 9 (Macedonians), Book 10 (Hellenes), Book 11 (Syrians), and Book 12 (Mithridates) cover the Roman conquest of Greece and the Hellenistic states. The civil wars in Rome, from the Gracchi to Julius Caesar, are studied in books 13–17. Books 18–21 deal with the conquest of Egypt. Book 22 traces the history of the empire from Augustus to Trajan, and Book 23 (Dacians) and Book 24 (Arabians) are devoted to the wars of Trajan.

Appian’s work is marked by realism, simplicity of style, and a factual approach. However, the question of Appian’s sources is subject to dispute. The author’s admiration for the might of Roman power and his monarchical tendencies did not prevent him from striving to “hunt out the material base of these civil wars” (K. Marx, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 30, p. 126) and from noting the role of slaves in the political and civil struggle of Rome.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
“Iberiisko-rimskie voiny (Iberika).” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1939, no. 2.
“Mitridatovy voiny.” Ibid., 1946, no. 4.
“Siriiskie dela.” Ibid., 1946, no. 4.
“Rimskaia istoriia.” Ibid., 1950, nos. 2–4.
Grazhdanskie voiny. Leningrad, 1935.

I. V. POZDEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Were seeing a growing need on the part of companies for technologies that can help them bring about their digital transformation, says Ryan Gates, Regional Vice President for Europe at Appian.
Appian will facilitate the development of powerful enterprise applications that require no coding.
Vuram is a specialized BPM consulting services provider with a 100% focus on the Appian platform.
According to the company, demand for its Appian BPM Suite continues to increase across the public sector and in commercial industries such as Financial Services, Insurance, Healthcare and Energy.
The new solution is expected to enable organisations to use the methodology of the MEGA Suite for process analysis and pass the results directly into the Appian Business Process Management (BPM) Suite and the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)-delivered Appian Anywhere platforms for execution and direct management of daily operations.
Application Templates are offered as a complement to Appian Enterprise or as a Software-as-a-Service solution with Appian Anywhere.
This was," noted Appian gloomily, "the first army composed of Roman citizens to attack their own country as though it were a hostile power.
The sale of HydraVision software technology to ATI will enable Appian Graphics to focus on our core competency - marketing multiple monitor hardware and software solutions to our customers," said Wallace Smith, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Appian Graphics Corporation.
One must say, though, that he seems more successful in dealing with Dio than with Appian.
The upgrades intelligently analyze the design of a customers software application built in Appian and automatically optimizes the code for parallelization across multiple CPU cores.
Appian has also integrated its BPM Suite with the new Microsoft Office 2007, which reflects the biggest changes in the office suite in a decade.