Born 1915. American historian and publicist. Member of the Communist Party of the USA.
Aptheker taught history at the Jefferson School of Social Science for several years. Editor-in-chief of the progressive magazine Political Affairs from 1957 through 1963, he became director of the American Institute of Marxist Research in 1964. Aptheker’s main works are devoted to the history of the Negro people. He reestablished the true picture of dozens of uprisings that shook the slaveholding South and showed the heroic struggle of the Negroes during the Civil War in the USA (1861–65). He is also author of publicist works that exposed the reactionary nature of the contemporary bourgeois conception of history (for example, Laureates of Imperialism, translated from English, Moscow, 1955).
WORKSDocumentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York, 1951.
The Negro in the Civil War. New York, 1938.
Negro Slave Revolts in the United States, 1526–1860. New York, 1939.
The Negro in the Abolitionist Movement. New York, 1941.
To Be Free: Studies in American Negro History. New York, 1948.
Toward Negro Freedom. New York, 1956.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia amerikanskogo naroda, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1961–62.
O sushchnosti svobody. Moscow, 1961.
Amerikanskii negr segodnia. Moscow, 1963.
Vneshniaia politika SShA i “kholodnaia voina.” Moscow, 1963.
I. P. DEMENT’EV