Alba Iulia

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Alba Iulia

(äl`bä-yo͞o`lyä), Hung. Gyulafehérvár, Ger. Karlsburg, town (1990 pop. 73,383), W central Romania, in Transylvania, on the Mureşul River. It is a rail junction and distribution center for a winemaking region, where grain, poultry, and fruit are raised. The town's light manufactures include leather goods, furniture, and footwear. Alba Iulia is the site of the ancient Apulum, founded by the Romans in the 2d cent. A.D., and destroyed by Tatars in 1241. It was the seat (16th–17th cent.) of the princes of Transylvania, of a Roman Catholic bishop, and of an Eastern Orthodox metropolitan. From 1599 to 1601, Alba Iulia was the capital of the united principalities of Walachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia. It was the site (1918) of the proclamation of Transylvania's union with Romania and of the coronation (1922) of King Ferdinand. Points of interest include an 18th-century fortress, built by Emperor Charles VI; a 13th-century Roman Catholic cathedral; and a museum and library housing exhibits from the Roman period and rare manuscripts.
References in periodicals archive ?
2005): "Kultgruben eines Liber Pater-Heiligtums im romischen Apulum (Dakien)--ein Vorbericht", Germania, 83, pp.
2007a): "Das 'gemeinschaftliche' und das 'private' Opfer: Beispiele aus dem Spektrum von Votivpraktiken in romischen Heiligtumern, dargestellt an Befunden aus Apulum und Sarmizegetusa (Dakien)".
2007b): "Spardosen und Miniatur-Spardosen Neufunde aus dem romischen Apulum (Rumanien)".
En otro lugar del entorno de Apulum, en Tibru (Alba, Rumania) aparecio una ofrenda votiva a Diana muy semejante a la citada arriba (92), en la que solo constaba la mencion Dia / ne sin referencias al dedicante ni formulas votivas.
Nummius Certus, a Roman eques, augur of colonia Apulum and patron of the collegia of fabri and dendrofori (31).
A statistics of monuments erected by Illyrians in Dacia (most in Alburnus Maior and Ampelum, but also in Apulum, Potaissa, Napoca) indicates that Jupiter optimus maximus was the most popular (in the case of 13 monuments), followed by Silvanus (8) and Apollo (8), Neptunus (5), Janus and Diana (4 monuments each), Liber Pater, Terra Mater, Mercurius (3), Nymphae, Castores, Minerva, Iunona (2) and Sol, Venus, Fortuna, Hercules (1) (52).
lt;<Aspects sociaux et administratifs des mines d'or romaines de Dacie>>, Apulum, VII, 1, 1968, pp.
La evidencia arqueologica tambien sugiere la presencia de elementos de poblacion procedentes de las provincias vecinas, como Pannonia, Noricum o Moesia, y desde luego, una parte importante de los habitantes urbanos procedia del Oriente griego, llegando hasta un quinto de los individuos conocidos en ciudades como Apulum o Sarmizegetusa (33).
lt;<Romanizarea Daciei>>, Apulum, 7, 1968, pp.
The most frequent species are Tordylium apulum, Bromus madritensis, Catapodium rigidum, Avena barbata, Hypochoeris achyrophorus.