Aquileia


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Aquileia

(äkwēlĕ`yä), town, in Friuli–Venezia Giulia, NE Italy, near the Adriatic Sea. Founded in 181 B.C. by the Romans, it was a stronghold against the barbarians and a trade center. Later, the town was destroyed several times by invaders, notably by Attila (A.D. 452). In the 6th cent. Aquileia became the see of a patriarch. Fleeing the Lombards in 568, the patriarch took refuge in Grado, the island port of Aquileia, and remained there while Aquileia elected its own patriarch. The pope recognized (7th cent.) both patriarchates; in 1445 that of Grado was transferred to Venice. From the 11th cent. Aquileia flourished under the temporal rule of its patriarchs, who acquired Friuli, Carniola, and Istria. Decline began in the 14th cent., and in 1420 Venice occupied Aquileia and Friuli. Aquileia was under Austrian rule from 1509 to 1918, when it passed to Italy. The patriarchate was abolished in 1751. Of particular note is the Romanesque basilica (11th cent., partly restored in the 14th cent.), with a well-preserved mosaic floor and frescoes of the 12th and 13th cent. There are also Roman ruins and an archaeological museum.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last in this august company is none other than Trebizond, represented by his commentary on Pro Ligario, to which Squarzafico claims he was introduced, with the warmest possible commendations, by the Patriarch of Aquileia, Cardinal Marco Barbo (1420-91).
Venezia e la fine del patriarcato di Aquileia," Carlo M.
Petrographic and chemical investigations of the earliest copper smelting slags in Italy, in Archaeometallurgy in Europe: 2nd international conference, Aquileia, Italy, 17-21 June 2007: selected papers: 1-9.
See also Torben Christensen, Rufinus of Aquileia and the Historia ecclesiastica, Lib.
Nine were soon Latinised by Rufinus of Aquileia, giving him Western currency.
10) For the ecology of the valli, that is the lagoons of the upper Adriatic that reach from Chioggia to Aquileia, see the excellent overview in the Guida d'Italia del Touring Club Italiano: Veneto, Milan, 1969, pp.
Catalogo di mostra: Nel segno di Giona, Aquileia, Museo del Patriarcato.
She and Rufinus of Aquileia, the famed translator of Greek theological works for the Latin West, had set up an extraordinary Latin-speaking monastic enclave on the Mount of Olives.
Contract award: meals service administration and management of the company cafeteria at the headquarters terna rete spa italy dell~aot of naples in via aquileia 8.
Philip Amidon, The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 66, writes that Lucius, bishop of Alexandria, had some desert fathers seized and taken to an island amidst an Egyptian marsh: "The elders were thus taken by night, with only two attendants, to the island, on which there was a temple greatly revered by the inhabitants of the place.
Via Aquileia (Zone Ind) 46/A Romans D'Isonzo (GO) 34076
Among those whom Philastrius would have condemned was the translator into Latin of Scripture, Rufinus of Aquileia.