Aquincum


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Aquincum

 

a city dating from Ancient Roman times (c. 10 B.C. to A.D. 409).

Aquincum was the principal city of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia from A.D. 107. Its ruins are situated near Budapest, Hungary, and excavations began there in 1775. Aquincum was composed of a settlement of the local Celtic-Illyrian tribe of Eravisci, a Roman fortified camp, and the public part of the city. In addition to a large amount of material relating to everyday life, the excavations have revealed tradesmen’s sectors, an amphitheater, a defense wall, water pipes, and thermae and sanctuaries, as well as a palace for the vicegerent of Lower Pannonia. This building has remarkable mosaic floors.

REFERENCES

Kuzsinszky, V. Aquincum: Ausgrabungen und Funde. Budapest, 1934.
Szilágyi, J. Aquincum. Budapest, 1956.
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Craig Budapest - get your camera ready for the Roman ruins of the Aquincum Museum, Heroes' Square and Statue Park, and the 300ft dome of St Stephen's Basilica.
Aquincum, named in honor of aqua, had a population of 100,000 wealthy Romans who enjoyed the public baths, two amphitheaters, parks, palaces and whose houses were centrally heated by thermal springs.
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Published by Aquincum Publishing and Freedom House.
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