Ar Raqqah


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Ar Raqqah

(är räk`kä) or

El Rashid

(ĕl räshēd`), city (1995 est. pop. 120,000), capital of Ar Raqqah governorate, N Syria, on the Euphrates River. Carpets are manufactured, and the city has an agricultural experimental station. The ancient Nicephorium, Ar Raqqah was prominent during the early Abbasid caliphate. Caliph Harun ar-RashidHarun ar-Rashid
[Arab.,=Aaron the Upright], c.764–809, 5th and most famous Abbasid caliph (786–809). He succeeded his brother Musa al-Hadi, fourth caliph, a year after the death of his father, Mahdi, the third caliph.
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 built a summer palace there and used the town as military headquarters against Byzantium. Ar Raqqah was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 13th cent.; some ruins remain. In the Syrian civil war that began in 2011 the city was taken by rebels in 2013. In 2014 it became the headquarters of the Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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, which destroyed Shiite mosques and Christian churches there. The modern name also appears as Raqqa and Rakka.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Near Ar Raqqah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL checkpoint, it said.
A statement from the US Central Command said, "The strikes destroyed or damaged multiple IS targets in the vicinity of the towns of Ar Raqqah in north central Syria, Dayr az Zawr and Abu Kamal in eastern Syria and Al Hasakah in northeastern Syria.
The hard work paid off when the Raptor made its combat debut recently as part of an overnight airstrike on 14 ISIL targets in Syria in the vicinity of Ar Raqqah, Dayr az Zawr, Al Hasakah, and Abu Kamal.
In Syria, 11 airstrikes were conducted near five areas: Near Al Hawl, three strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL vehicle borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), and four ISIL fighting positions Near Ar Raqqah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit.
In Syria, bomber and remotely-piloted aircraft carried out four airstrikes: Near Al Hawl, two strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed two ISIL fighting positions and wounded two ISIL fighters; and near Ar Raqqah, where another two strikes struck an ISIL tactical unit and an ISIL vehicle staging area and destroyed an ISIL vehicle.
Near Ar Raqqah, four strikes struck three ISIL headquarters and an ISIL bivouac, it said.
Near Al Hasakah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed two ISIL fighting positions, near Al Hawl, two strikes struck two separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed five ISIL buildings and an ISIL vehicle, near Ar Raqqah, one strike struck an ISIL storage depot, near Ayn Isa, three strikes struck three separate ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL tactical vehicle, an ISIL vehicle, two ISIL fighting positions and wounded an ISIL fighter, it said.
Near Ar Raqqah, one strike produced inconclusive results.
Near Ar Raqqah, two strikes destroyed an ISIL building.
Near Ar Raqqah, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed an ISIL vehicle and wounded three ISIL fighters, it said.
In Syria five airstrikes were conducted near three locations: Near Abu Kamal, two strikes destroyed two separate ISIL crude oil collection points, near Aleppo, one strike struck an ISIL tactical unit, destroyed an ISIL tactical vehicle, and neutralized an ISIL tactical vehicle and near Ar Raqqah, two strikes damaged an ISIL artillery piece.