Arab Legion


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Arab Legion

 

army units of Transjordan (from 1946, Jordan), 1921–1956, created by the British mandate authorities.

The legion was supported by British subsidies; from 1921 to 1956 it increased from 100 men to 23,000. The actual commanders-in-chief were British officers (Peake from 1921 to 1939, General J. B. Glubb from 1939 to 1956). The legion participated in the suppression of an anti-British uprising in Iraq in 1941 and in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948–49; it was used to suppress the national liberation movement in Jordan as well. After Glubb was expelled from Jordan (Mar. 2, 1956, during an upsurge of the liberation struggle), Englishmen were dismissed from the legion, command passed to Jordanian officers, and the legion was renamed (July 1956) the Arab Army of Jordan.

REFERENCES

Glubb, J. B. The Story of the Arab Legion. London, 1948.
Glubb, J. B. A Soldier With the Arabs. London, 1957.
Lias.G. Glubb’s Legion. London, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
He recalled a Cabinet meeting chaired by the late King Hussein in March 1,1956, where it took a decision 198, to terminate services of Glubb Pasha and to appoint Radi Annab as the chairman of the chiefs of staff of the Arab Legion, a step that strengthened the country's sovereignty and self-reliance.
John's mention of Glubb Pasha and the Arab Legion reminded me of a former colleague who had served in Glubb Pasha's Legion and who claimed to have taught the then Crown Prince (the present king of Jordan) to play bridge.
The Muslim soldiers of Sir John Bagot Glubb's Arab Legion and France's Tirailleur, Goumier and Spahi regiments fought loyally against the Axis in the Middle East, North Africa, Italy and Western Europe.
Qasim was born in 1939 in Al-Zarqa in northern Jordan, where his father served in the Arab Legion.
Zeid spent five years as an officer in the Jordanian desert police, the successor to the Arab Legion, before joining the U.
1956: King of Jordan sacks British general King Hussein of Jordan has sacked the British commander of the Arab Legion in what is being seen as an effort to strengthen his own position within the Arab world.
Abdullah al-Tall, Arab Legion Officer; Arab nationalism and opposition to the Hashemite regime.
Bar-On relates that "in only forty-seven minutes of fighting, Dayan's battalion breached Lod's defense lines, crossed the village to the outskirts of the neighboring Arab town of Ramleh [ten miles southeast of Tel Aviv], and returned under a downpour of fire from Arab Legion fighters.
embargoes in the name of peace (with the already equipped Arab armies, including the British-officered Arab Legion left unmentioned) were meant to ensure the expected outcome.
Glubb Pasha, one-time head of the Arab Legion, explained the matter as follows; "The mere fact that King Abdullah admitted his desire for peace was enough to impel the Arab League to declare that talk of peace was treason to the Arab cause.
The Jordanian National Guard, which is financed by the Arab Legion and composed of Palestinian and Jordanian volunteers, would come under the Joint Command, but the Arab Legion (Jordan's regular army) would not, Syrian sources said.

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