Arabian Desert


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Arabian Desert

or

Eastern Desert,

c.86,000 sq mi (222,740 sq km), E Egypt, bordered by the Nile valley in the west and the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez in the east. It extends along most of Egypt's eastern border and merges into the Nubian Desert in the south. The Arabian Desert is sparsely populated; most of its inhabitants are based around wells and springs. Today most of the desert can be accessed by roads. Since ancient times Egypt has used the porphyry, granite, limestone, and sandstone found in the desert mountains as building materials. Oil is produced in the north. The name Arabian Desert is also commonly applied to the desert of the Arabian Peninsula.

Arabian Desert

 

a desert in Africa (United Arab Republic of Egypt) in the northeastern Sahara between the Nile Valley and the Red Sea. In the south (22° N lat.) it becomes the Nubian Desert. Large sections of the Arabian Desert consist of pebbly, sandy, and calcareous plateaus (ham-mada), which gradually rise from the west to the east. On the east, along the shore of the Red Sea, rises the crystalline ridge Atbay (city of Shayb al-Banat, 2,184 m). In winter periodic rainfalls carried by the northeastern winds from the Red Sea fall on its eastern slopes. They cause violent but short runoffs in the usually dry valleys. The underground drainage, which is conserved for the entire year, supports a sparse xerophytic, herbaceous shrublike vegetation in the valleys and occasional trees—acacia, tamarisk, sycamore, date palm, and doom palm (in the south). The population, primarily nomadic, raises livestock (goats, sheep, and camels). Agriculture is found in the occasional oases. On the shores of the Red Sea crude oil production and phosphorite mining are found.

Arabian Desert

1. a desert in E Egypt, between the Nile, the Gulf of Suez, and the Red Sea: mountainous parts rise over 1800 m (6000 ft.). Area: about 220 000 sq. km (85 000 sq. miles)
2. a desert, mainly in Saudi Arabia, forming the desert area of the Arabian Peninsula, esp in the north. Area: about 2 330 000 sq. km (900 000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Even as the guests take in the sights of the Edge of the World, the talented Four Seasons culinary team, led by the Hotel's executive chef Ahmed Fawzy, prepare gourmet spread of traditional cuisine and BBQ dishes - the perfect complement to the Arabian Desert experience.
These days, if it's solitude you seek, you just have to venture a bit farther for your very own private, and protected, Arabian desert in Colorado.
Al-Qassimi, who finished second overall in the opening two rounds of the 2015 Middle East rally series in Qatar and Kuwait, will be partnered by the Portuguese navigator Jose Marques for his first proper taste of cross-country style events across the towering dunes and subkhas of the Arabian desert.
I would have screamed but I was more frightened of looking like a wimp in front of everyone" Explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes, who found a six-inch furry spider with a big mouth crawling across him during an expedition in the Arabian desert "I find it rather easy to portray a businessman.
He was just beaten and left for dead in the Saudi Arabian desert last May - not sexually abused as previous reports said.
For the truth is, we have set up an altar to the idol of power in the Arabian desert.
It focuses on how the Arabian desert near Salalah, one of the hottest, one of most inhospitable places on the planet, transforms into one of the greenest places in the Middle East during Khareef.
The Desert receives solar irradiance per square meter than anywhere else in the world, including the African Sahara, the Arabian Desert, and Australia s Great Sandy Desert.
Arabian Desert species such as the Arabian Oryx and Arabian desert antelopes, as well as African animals such as the rhino, giraffe and gazelle, are well used to blistering temperatures and stick in the shade or by the watering holes.
The Palaeodeserts Project will examine environmental change in the Arabian Desert over the last one million years.