Arabian horse

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Arabian horse: quarter horse

Arabian horse,

breed of light horselight horse,
any breed of horse that is used primarily for riding or for light work such as pulling buggies. Light horses have their origin in the Middle East and N Africa.
..... Click the link for more information.
 developed in Mesopotamia and N Africa, and probably the first true domesticated breed. Prized since earliest times for its superior beauty, spirit, speed, grace of movement, stamina, and intelligence, the Arabian has served as parental stock for such light-weight horses as the American saddlebred horseAmerican saddlebred horse,
breed of light horse with great beauty, easy gait, and stamina; also known as the American saddle horse and the Kentucky saddler. It was developed primarily from the Thoroughbred and the Naragansett pacer.
..... Click the link for more information.
, quarter horsequarter horse,
American breed of light horse that originated during the colonial era, partly from Arabian ancestry (see Arabian horse). The name refers to the horse's reputation for speed at the quarter-mile distance.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Standardbred horseStandardbred horse
or trotter,
American breed of light horse developed especially for harness, or sulky, racing. Of Thoroughbred ancestry, it is similar in appearance to a thoroughbred but has shorter legs.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and the ThoroughbredThoroughbred horse,
breed of light horse more properly known as the English running horse. As its name implies, it was the first pedigreed, or "thoroughbred" horse. It originated in England from crosses between imported Turkish and Arabian horses and existing English lines and
..... Click the link for more information.
. Intercrossings of these and other light and draft horsedraft horse
or work horse,
any breed of horse that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion.
..... Click the link for more information.
 breeds with Arabians is still common. The Arabian's most characteristic color is bay with white markings; grays, chestnuts, and browns are also common. It averages 14 to 15 hands (56–60 in./140–150 cm) high and weighs about 1,000 lb (450 kg).

Arabian Horse


one of the oldest saddle horses, bred by folk selection in the first millennium A.D. on the Arabian Peninsula. In the Middle Ages it was widely imported into Europe, where it was used mainly to improve the stock of the local horse, with the goal of breeding a light cavalry horse. In the countries of the East it was used as a saddle horse. The Arabian horse played a major role in developing valuable racehorse breeds, including the English Thoroughbred and the trotter (the Orlov trotter, for example). The Arabian horse is small and of a pronounced oriental type. It has a slender build, its legs are strong and well placed, and its movements are light and graceful. Its coloring is gray, bay, or chestnut. The height at the withers is 150–52 cm, the girth of the metacarpus is 18–19 cm, and the oblique length of the body is 149–50 cm. The Arabian horse is not capricious and has great endurance for long journeys. Its speed in the USSR is 1 min, 8.2 sec, for 1,000 m; 2 min for 1,800 m; 2 min, 41 sec, for 2,400 m; and 4 min, 42.3 sec, for 4,000 m. Three types of Arabian horse are distinguished: the Khadban, Kukhailan, and Sighlawi. Breeding of the animal is directed toward improving its speed and perfecting inbred types. In the USSR the Arabian horse is used to improve the stock of the local horses of the mountains and foothills of the Carpathians, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The main breeding establishment is the Terskii Stud Farm in Stavropol’ Krai. The Arabian horse is also raised in India, Pakistan, the United Arab Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands, West Germany, Belgium, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the USA, and Canada.


Kniga o loshadi, vol. 1. Edited by S. M. Budennyi. Moscow, 1952.
Gosudarstvennaia plemennaia kniga chistokrovnykh arabskikh loshadei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1965.
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.]


References in periodicals archive ?
The B division went to Dubai Arabian Horse Stud's Asayef, who was a narrow winner over Al Baydaa Stud's Madinat Al Baydaa and Badawia Al Muawd, who was bred at the Al Muawd Stud.
Al Shaqab Stud was adjudged the best farm at the World Arabian Horse Championships in Paris over the weekend, boosting Qatar's reputation as a leading breeding hub.
The Kuwait National Arabian Horse Festival receives interest from a large number of enthusiasts of Arabian horses and is widely known for its active participation by Arab horse breeders both locally and regionally.
Her prolific 13-year-old Arabian horse Noble Athlete is a winner of 13 races, six of them at Hereford Racecourse and three other of her Arabian horses to have done her proud this season are Kiraa, Kayclaire and Callymay.
Egypt was one of five founding members of the World Arabian Horse Organisation.
Held under the patronage of Supreme Council for Youth and Sports first vice-chairman Shaikh Khalid bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Khalid bin Hamad Arabian Horse Racing Cup Festival will witness Bahrain's finest showjumping riders with special needs compete in the upcoming two-day event.
Summary: As part of its commitment to support initiatives that celebrates the tradition and heritage of the emirates, Dubai Municipality has participated in the Dubai International Arabian Horses exhibition and the 10th anniversary of International Arabian Horses Championship held under the patronage of Shaikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai and UAE minister of finance.
According to the World Arabian Horse Organization (WAHO) databases, Syria has 5,427 thoroughbred Arabian horses of various, 197 of which were at Al-Bassel Center.
OVER 100 pure Arabian horses will be competing for top prizes in an Arabian Horse Show to be held today and tomorrow at the Sahara Riding Stable in Sr.
com)-- The Arabian Horse Association is happy to announce its 2012 Amateur Achievement Award winners, adult amateur Lorraine Prowse of Sherwood Park, Alberta who earned 682.
Fifty exhibits on the Arabian horse will be on display in the weeklong exhibition.
The three-day show takes place alongside the $4 million Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship -- a showcase of the heritage, beauty and agility of the world's finest Arabian horses.

Full browser ?