Arabic Script


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Arabic Script

 

a system of writing used by Arabs and Muslim peoples (Iranians, Afghans, Pakistanis, the Sinkiang Uighurs, and others).

Arabic script was used by the Turks in Turkey until 1929 and by some peoples of the USSR—for example, in Middle Asia, Azerbaijan, and Dagestan—until the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. It originated from the Aramaic script; the Nemarah inscription of A.D. 328 and the Zabid inscription of A.D. 512 are the oldest. Arabic script was spread by Arab conquests and by the expansion of Islam. The modern Arabic alphabet has 28 characters. (Other peoples who use the script add some of their own.) Each character has two to fourforms that are used according to whether the letter stands by itself, at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a word. The script consists mostly of consonants. Long vowels are designated by the letters waw (w), ya (y), and alif (’). The short vowels, normally not indicated in writing, can be shown by strokes placed over or under a letter. Arabic is written from right to left.

References in periodicals archive ?
This process of change is especially marked with the primacy that the coming of Islam gave to the North Arabic script in which the Holy Qur'an was written down under the Rashidun Caliphs.
Their creation - Yoolki - is a Web site which is proving to be the fastest tool on the net for converting transliterations into Arabic script.
In their eyes, Arabic script is merely a supplementary visual that completes the horror-fantasy of the Middle East, a poster image dehumanising an entire region to human-less figures in black burkas.
The high-quality volumes of the Quran distributed in CAIR's "Share the Quran" campaign contain the original Arabic script, an English translation by Muhammad Asad, transliteration of the Arabic text, and notes on individual verses.
The textbook, which also contains an audio guide, will feature the Arabic script alongside some translations in English, with a main focus on the structure, vocabulary, and pronunciation style behind the Emirati dialect.
ISLAMABAD -- The leaves, held in the universitys Mingana Collection, contain parts of chapters 18 to 20, written with ink in an early form of Arabic script known as Hijazi.
An inscription on the glass inset reads "for Allah" or "to Allah" in an ancient Arabic script, the researchers report online February 23 in Scanning.
They will cover diverse topics including workshops on how to draw paintings using Arabic letters and words, Thulth Jali, illumination, in-line workshop, gold leaf preparation and its application on patterns, materialising Arabic script, principles of gilding art, and specialised workshops Kufic, Roqa'a and Diwani typography.
Thomas Milo offers a look at the challenges and opportunities that the digital world poses to writing with an essay on the Unicode system and Arabic script.
So, we see a whole clan of European languages being written in Arabic script in the 16th century and this phenomenon has been studied under the quintessential category of 'Aljamiado literature.
Using Arabic slang is a thousand times better than losing our cultural identity,'' Jalban said, adding that a number of Muslim countries have replaced the Arabic script with Latin and even those who love to use Arabic are forced to use Latin script because they do not get keyboards with Arabic or because they communicate with people who do not like or are not familiar with the Arabic script.
Nathaly also uses Kufi Calligraphy, a minimalistic geometric Arabic script which originated at the end of the 7th Century in Kufa, Iraq, and is the oldest form of calligraphy in the Arabic scripts.