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Related to Arachnoiditis: adhesive arachnoiditis



an inflammation of the arachnoid membrane of the brain or spinal cord. Arachnoiditis was first described by the German physician Böninghausen (1897), and spinal arachnoiditis was described by the German physician A. Schlosinger (1898). Arachnoiditis may develop as a complication of influenza, typhoid, tuberculosis, syphilis, and other infectious diseases. It also appears in connection with inflammations of the ear or paranasal cavities, cranial and spinal injuries, and chronic poisonings (lead, arsenic). The clinical symptoms of arachnoiditis vary with the region of the brain in which it develops. The most common symptom of cerebral arachnoiditis is headache, sometimes accompanied by vomiting—less often by epileptic seizures, weakness in the extremities, impairment of vision and hearing, strabismus, diplopia, vertigo, and unsteady gait. In spinal arachnoiditis, the nerve roots and nerves, and sometimes spinal tissue as well, are injured; pain occurs in the trunk, arms, and legs, and occasionally there is weakness in the arms and legs.

Treatment is aimed at lowering intracranial pressure and decreasing inflammation. Vitamin B, iodine preparations, antibiotics, and hexamethylenetetramine are prescribed. When the acute stage passes, hydrogen sulfide and radon baths, mud, and sometimes radiotherapy are used. If the arachnoiditis originates in a limited area of the meninges, the adhesions may be dissected surgically.


“Spinal’nye arakhnoidity i peripakhameningity.” In Osnovy prak-ticheskoi neirokhirurgii. Edited by A. L. Polenov and I. S. Bab-chin. Leningrad, 1954. Pages 418–23.
Khodos, Kh. G. “Tserebral’nye arakhnoidity.” In Trudy l-go Vserossiiskogo s”ezda nevropalologov i psikhiatrov, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963. Pages 57–65.


References in periodicals archive ?
Successful treatment of spinal arachnoiditis due to coccidioidomycosis.
It became clear to me then that here was someone who was determined to get arachnoiditis understood and action taken to assist sufferers.
An arachnoiditis may occur in the spine and is usually found with coexisting cranial meningitis.
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If YOU would like to help, the Arachnoiditis Trust's address is PO Box 27, Stoneycroft, Liverpool L13 5RS.
Following the surgery, Slavin developed ascending adhesive arachnoiditis, a debilitating condition characterized by severe burning pain and neurologic disability.
However, they provide limited improvement in patients with arachnoiditis and no improvement in patients with intraventricular cysts.
Since, the armored arachnoiditis could not be detected before the surgery, patients should be treated by endovascular techniques following the surgery in the presence of this type of arachnoiditis.
The three categories of central nervous system tuberculosis include meningitis, intracranial tuberculomas, and spinal tuberculous arachnoiditis.
Knowsley-based Arachnoiditis Support Group held a bag pack in Sainsbury's and managed to raise pounds 460.
One 50-year-old woman who received injections of a solution of zinc sulfate and phenol solution developed adhesive arachnoiditis and hematoma and subsequently died.
14,24,36) Arachnoiditis may be differentiated because of its septations and shape irregularity.