Arafat

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Arafat

(äräfät`) or

Arafa

(äräfä`), granite hill, Saudi Arabia, near MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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. The hill was an ancient pagan sanctuary and is shrouded in many legends. It is a site for prayers during the hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Atop the hill is a minaret, reached by broad stone steps. On the 60th step is a platform with a pulpit from which the khutba (pilgrimage address) is delivered on the Day of Arafa. The hill is also called Jabal ar Rahm [Arab.,=mountain of mercy].

Arafat

1
Yasser ('j[+ae]s&). born 1929, Palestinian leader; cofounder of Al Fatah (1956), leader from 1968 of the Palestine Liberation Organization, president of the Palestinian National Authority from 1996: signed a peace agreement with Israel (1993); Nobel peace prize 1994 with Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin

Arafat

2
a hill in W Saudi Arabia, near Mecca: a sacred site of Islam, visited by pilgrims performing the hajj