Rakhine State

(redirected from Arakan State)

Rakhine State

(räkēn`), formerly


(ărəkăn`, äräkän`), state (1983 pop. 2,045,891), 14,194 sq mi (36,762 sq km), W Myanmar, extending along the Bay of Bengal. It lies at the foot of the Arakan Mts., which rises to 10,016 ft (3,053 m) at Mt. Victoria. The capital is SittweSittwe
or Akyab
, city (1983 pop. 107,607), capital of Rakhine State, W Myanmar, at the mouth of the Kaladan River and on the Bay of Bengal. It is an important port and rice-milling center.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The Arakanese, or Rakhine, who are of Burmese stock with strong Indian influences, are mostly engaged in intensive rice cultivation; they are Buddhists. The Rohingya, a Muslim people who speak a Bengali dialect, form a large minority, but are not recognized as a Myanmarese ethnic nationality by the national government and are stateless; they have suffered much persecution. A number of other, smaller minority groups also live in the state.

The region, which is geographically isolated, was the seat of a powerful kingdom (after the 15th cent.), famous for a colossal image of Buddha. At various times under Burmese rule, it finally was absorbed into Burma (now Myanmar) in 1783; it was the first Burmese territory ceded (1826) to the British after the first Anglo-Burmese War. In the 1950s there was a movement for secession from Myanmar. In 2012 ten of thousands of Arakanese and Rohingyas were displaced as a result of outbreaks of ethnic violence between the two groups, and tensions and sporadic violence have continued since then. In late 2016 an attack on police by a Rohingya insurgent group led to a military crackdown in N Rakhine State that continued into early 2017; there were accusations of military atrocities.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The mob attacks in Arakan State illustrate the risks of proceeding with the census in such a volatile atmosphere," said Asia director Brad Adams, using an another name for the state.
Human Rights Watch has released a report titled 444All You Can Do is Pray: Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Burma's Arakan State," which the government has dismissed as "unacceptable" and one-sided.
A contract inked Friday by the pipeline's supporters said the funding would cover 33 projects in Shan State, Arakan State, Mandalay Division and Magway Division.
On one hand, the atrocities being carried out by the Burmese state, local police and mobs belonging to nationalist Buddhist groups in the northwestern Arakan State, are unambiguous attempts at removing all Rohingyas from Burma.
The Arakan State spokesperson, Win Myaing, told the media on May 26 that local authorities had reaffirmed a 2005 regulation for Rohingya Muslims in Buthidaung and Maungdaw townships in northwestern Arakan State along the Bangladesh border.
The report also uncovers evidence of four mass-grave sites in Arakan state and warns over a major humanitarian crisis triggered by the Burmese government's restrictions on humanitarian aid to the displaced Rohingya.
The conflict between Buddhists and Muslims in Myanmar resurfaced in March in Arakan state in the west of the country.
Arakan state authorities are alleged to be taking measures to prevent foreign tourists from visiting Mrauk-U, a major heritage site, because of inter-communal tensions in the area.
In recent months, since the massacre of Muslims in Arakan state of Myanmar, thousands of Buddhist monks have been seen marching in Myanmar's major cities demanding forced eviction of Muslims from this Buddhist majority country.
Summary: The Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Humanitarian Foundation (KZHF) has concluded the first phase of emergency relief project for Rohingya Muslims and has provided in-kind assistance to around 200,000 affected people in Myanmar's Arakan state.
They aim to raise awareness on the growing ethnic tension in Myanmar, as Buddhist monks have reportedly called on people to shun the Rohingya Muslim community in the Rakhine or Arakan state.
The meeting will be attended by Dr Wakar Uddin, director-general of the Arakan Rohingya Union - an umbrella of 25 non-governmental organizations that represent the Rohingya minority in Arakan state, on the western coast of Myanmar, Prof.