As the Aramaeans
began to migrate in force and even settle in the territories of well-established states such as Sama'al, they continued to be a force of disruption, especially as they demanded more and more control of the regions in which they lived.
A remnant Assyrian-Babylonian-Elamite balance-of-power system in Mesopotamia collapsed a century later as Assyria and Babylonia were nearly destroyed by a wave of tribal Aramaean
The substantial number of Persians and persianized Aramaeans
who convened to Islam had, however, varied economic backgrounds.
But King Joram returned to Jezreel to be healed of his wounds that the Aramaeans
had given him when he fought with Hazael, the King of Aram (9:14; cf.
Thus, while this is hardly a happy time for anyone who cares about Syria--past, present, and future--the volume under review is of importance, since it is an excellent and up-to-date overview and summary of the most recent study of the Aramaeans
of Iron Age Syria, including studies by some of the leading researchers in this field, among them some of the excavators themselves.
As a result of the Aramaean
siege and subsequent destruction, Safi/Gath lost prominence in the region.
I wonder if he did not intend the sun god Malakbel, venerated in the caravan city of Palmyra, whose pantheon incorporated Babylonian and Syro-Palestinian elements, and whose population consisted of Amoriles, Aramaeans
, and Arabs.
A specially interesting case is Aram' < *' aram (like Arabic' af'al), which the author sees as internal plural of ri'm 'wild bull,' "the totem of Aramaeans
Rollig, "Asia Minor as a Bridge between East and West: The Role of the Phoenicians and Aramaeans
in the Transfer of Culture," in Greece between East and West: 10th-8th Centuries BC, ed.
The author organizes his material by ethnic groups and treats Libyans, Phoenicians, Aramaeans
, Persians, Carians, Arabs, and Greeks, and concludes with some general remarks.
The World of the Aramaeans
, I: Biblical Studies in Honour of Paul-Eugene Dion.
in Syria: The Problem of the Rise of the Aramaeans
," and Thomas L.