Targum

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Targum

(tär`gəm) [Aramaic,=translation], Aramaic paraphrase of the Hebrew Bible. When Aramaic replaced the Hebrew tongue among the Jews of Palestine and Babylon, interpreters were called to translate and explain the scriptural passages that were read aloud during synagogue services. The oral Aramaic paraphrases were, in the course of time, put down in writing under the name Targum. One of the best-known Targums extant is the Targum Onkelos (see OnkelosOnkelos
, 2d cent. A.D., translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, his work later being given the title Targum Onkelos (see Targum). A proselyte, he gained the respect of the leading Hebrew scholars of his day.
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). The Targum is printed in the margin of corresponding parts of the Bible. A complete manuscript of a Palestinian Targum, the first of its kind, was found in 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
One may ask why the Aramaic Targum has not been consulted.
For the full list, with references in the rest of the Tanakh and the Aramaic Targum, see: http://home.
Actually, the oldest Aramaic targum discovered, but only in fragments, was found in Qumran, which means that it must be dated prior to the destruction of the Qumran community in 68 CE.
5) This is how Aquilas became Onkelos, the supposed author of the Aramaic Targum.