Arad

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Arad

(ā`răd), in the Bible, royal town in the Negev, the modern Tell Arad (Israel), S of Hebron. The "king Arad" in the Book of Numbers is a mistranslation for "king of Arad." It is the only tell (mound) in the Negev and indicates the existence of a fortified town in the Bronze Age.

Arad

(äräd`), city (1990 pop. 203,198), W Romania, in the Banat, on the Mureşul River, near the Hungarian border. It is an important railroad junction and a leading regional commercial and industrial center. Distilling, sawmilling, and the manufacture of machine tools and locomotives are the chief industries. Located on the site of an old Roman outpost, the first mention of Arad dates from the 12th cent. Long (c.1551–1685) under Turkish rule, Arad passed in 1685 to the Austrians and in 1849 to the Hungarians, who made it the headquarters of their insurrection against the Hapsburg Empire. In 1920, Arad became part of Romania. The city's educational and cultural institutions include a theological seminary, a teacher training school, a state theatre, a philharmonic orchestra, and a museum containing exhibits on the Hungarian revolution of 1848–49. The 18th-century citadel was built by Empress Maria Theresa. Arad has a sizable Hungarian population.

Arad

 

a district in western Rumania, on the territory of the northern part of the historic region of Banat and the southern part of Crişana. Area, 7,741 sq km; population, 481,000 (1968). The administrative center is Arad.

Arad District occupies the eastern edge of the Central Danubian Depression and the southwestern part of the western Rumanian mountains. The main branches of industry are concentrated in the city of Arad; outside of this city there is woodworking industry (Bocsig, Lipova, Minisul de Sus) and production of building materials (şebiş, Bîrsa, Sîtana, and Buteni); granite, andesite, marble, and talc are mined in the foothill zone. There are vineyards on the western slopes of the mountains, and there are gardens along the slopes of the Mureş and Crişul Alb river valleys. The main agricultural crops of the Central Danubian Depression are wheat, corn, sunflowers, sugar beets, tobacco, and hemp. Cattle-raising predominates in animal husbandry. Vegetables are grown in the area of the city of Arad and in the valley of the Mureş. River.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII


Arad

 

a city in western Rumania; on the Mureş River near the border with Hungary. Administrative center of Arad Province. Population, 126,000 (1966).

Arad is an important transportation and industrial center. The main branches of industry are machine-building (coaches and machine tools), textiles, and food. Footwear, furniture, chemicals, and construction materials are produced.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
This is particularly relevant for American judges, who, as will be shown in the analysis of Arar, have not fulfilled their responsibilities in helping to preserve substantive democracy.
He said: "We hope the supreme court will reaffirm the role of checks and balances and afford Mr Arar his day in court.
Although Arar did not plead a theory of liability for refoulement under the A.
Based on information provided to US authorities by the Canadian government, Arar was held incommunicado for two weeks and then flown to Syria, where he was imprisoned, interrogated, and tortured for close to a year.
However, as yet there has been limited scholarly and theoretical attention paid to the Arar case from the vantage point of racialized violence.
He was incommunicado from his family for almost two years and, like Arar (allegedly), beaten with a heavy power cable.
Yet, despite the Syrians' inability to connect him to al-Qaeda and the Canadians' having exonerated him, Arar is still considered persona non grata in the United States and remains on the terrorist watch list (U.
In a report, a Canadian government commission criticized its own law enforcement officials who apparently drew wild conclusions about the innocent Arar from thin evidence.
Maher Arar, 34, from Canada, said he was seized in September 2002 at JFK airport in New York.
Ahmed bin Shenayen bin Dhiya al-Inizi and Shaher bin Waqaaf bin Qayidh al-Ruwaily were convicted of brutally murdering Malek Zade Khan in the northern town of Arar because they feared a scandal after Khan saw them having sex.
Ahmed bin Shenayen bin Dhiya al-Inizi and Shaher bin Waqaaf bin Qayidhal-Ruwaily were convicted for killing Pakistani national Malek Zade Khan in the northern town of Arar, the Ministry said.