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(ərā`təs), fl. 3d cent. B.C., Greek court poet, from Soli in Cilicia. He wrote an astronomical treatise, Phenomena, which was quoted by Paul at Athens.


d. 213 B.C., Greek statesman and general of Sicyon, prime mover and principal leader of the Second Achaean LeagueAchaean League
, confederation of cities on the Gulf of Corinth. The First Achaean League, about which little is known, was formed presumably before the 5th cent. B.C. and lasted through the 4th cent. B.C. Its purpose was mutual protection against pirates.
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. His objective at first was to free the Peloponnesus from Macedonian domination, and he is credited with bringing into the confederation many of the principal cities of Greece. But he was blamed for the subsequent Macedonian domination of the Peloponnesus, for while fighting Cleomenes III of Sparta and the Aetolian League he changed his policy toward Macedonia and called in Antigonus IIIAntigonus III
(Antigonus Doson) , d. 221 B.C., king of Macedon. On the death of Demetrius II he became regent for Demetrius' son Philip (Philip V). He married the widow of Demetrius, and in 227 he proclaimed himself king.
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See F. W. Walbank, Aratos of Sicyon (1933).

References in classic literature ?
It is, that as well after the renovation of the league by Aratus, as before its dissolution by the arts of Macedon, there was infinitely more of moderation and justice in the administration of its government, and less of violence and sedition in the people, than were to be found in any of the cities exercising SINGLY all the prerogatives of sovereignty.
The Achaean league received its first birth from Achaeus, and its second from Aratus.
Fragment #2 -- Scholiast on Aratus 254: But Zeus made them (the sisters of Hyas) into the stars which are called Hyades.
1) This halt verse is added by the Scholiast on Aratus, 172.
21, 1787 (citing the military appropriations clause and stating that "the original grant of the supplies must be made by the House of Representatives, the immediate delegates of the people"); Aratus, To the People of Maryland, 11 id.
Oh, yes, indeed, the Cretan poet, Epimenides, / that old Sicilian, Aratus, and that prophet of prisons who will set me free / by adjusting my head during my golf swing
As Harry Levin points out, "the Stoic Aratus in his Phenomena explains that the maiden goddess of justice, Dike [Astraea], who absented herself from the golden world now appears in heaven as the constellation Virgo, thus combining chastity and justice" (14).
He recited a verse from Aratus, and from the falsehoods of those to whom they could not object, he confirmed his own truths.
In his Aratus, he characterises the leader of the Achaean League as someone who had cramps in the bowels and palpitations of the heart when the battle was imminent.
Aratus is praised by Callimachus for following the theme and manner of Hesiod .
It was not taught from the manuals based on mathematics but on the basis of the epic poem "Phaenomena" (Fainomena), by the Greek didactic poet and astronomer Aratus (ca.