Araucanian


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Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos

Araucanian

 

an Indian language of South America, widespread in Chile and in parts of Argentina. Araucanian is spoken by more than 300,000 people (1961). It is sometimes conditionally classified as a member of the so-called Andean language group. It is subdivided into a few closely related dialects, such as Mapuche, Picunche, Huilliche, and Ran-quelche. The Araucanian phonological system consists of six vowels (a, i, u, e, o, a) and 21 consonant phonemes. The stress is movable. The morphological structure is characterized by an agglutinative type of suffixation. Many lexical items have been borrowed from the Quechua language.

REFERENCES

Lenz, R. Estudios araucanos. Santiago de Chile, 1895–97.
Rosas, J. M. de. Gramática y diccionario de la lengua Pampa (Pampa, Pranquel, Araucano). Buenos Aires, [1947].

G. A. KLIMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Translation and Interpretation on the Araucanian Frontier (17th-19th c.
Ya antes el autor exploro, desde una perspectiva historica--y etnohistorica-, aspectos relacionados a la politica Mapuche (ver por ejemplo, Dillehay 1986, 1990), los cuales son la base de su trabajo Monuments, Empires, and Resistance: The Araucanian polity and ritual narrativesl (Dillehay 2007; ver tambien Dillehay y Zabala 2013; Zabala et al.
See the excellent article by Tim Fulford, "British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile," Studies in Romanticism 47 (2008): 225-52; quotation on 233.
Chile, for instance, was singled out by the Council of Foreign Relations in 1930 as a prime location for investment in copper and other natural resources, primarily due to the large influx of civilized Europeans, but also due to the "soundness of the racial stock," referring to the native Araucanian Indians who were considered to be fiercely independent and energetic.
In this way the Araucanian Indians of Chile survived as an independent force until the late nineteenth century, and Native Americans controlled a large part of the U.
Man was dust, earthen vase, on eyelid of tremulous loam, the shape of clay he was Carib jug, Chibcha stone, imperial cup or Araucanian silica .
Phytoplankton of two Araucanian lakes of differing trophic status (Argentina).
These are lighter portrayals, tinged with melancholy, with the white-haired Araucanian Indian goalkeeper in Soriano's "The Longest Penalty Ever" wondering if one heroic exploit qualifies a person for recognition and love.
He cheers on Spanish victories in the Old World (Saint-Quentin, Lepanto, the annexation of Portugal) about which he feels no similar moral ambivalence; he expresses his individual solidarity with the lamenting Araucanian women.
It is not surprising that this should have been the case with the Incas or even the Aztecs, but few historians have observed the widespread invocations of Araucanian heroes during the independence wars that occurred even in Peru, the epicentre of "Incanesque" rhetoric.
ABSTRACT: This article analyses the Araucanian presence in the Independence process of Chile.