Mapuche

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Mapuche:

see AraucaniansAraucanians
, South American people, occupying most of S central Chile at the time of the Spanish conquest (1540). The Araucanians were an agricultural people living in small settlements.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He distinguished himself in Chile in the wars against the Araucanian Indians and while there began the poem based on his experiences.
The Chilean national epic, <IR> LA ARAUCANA </IR> (1569-89), was composed by Alonso de Ercilla (1533-1594), a participant in the struggle to subdue the Araucanian Indians.
The Araucanian Indians had settled in territories that now belong to Chile and Argentina.