Arawak


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Related to Arawak: Arawak language, Arawak Indians

Arawak

(ä`räwäk), linguistic stock of indigenous people who came from South America and, at the time of the Spanish Conquest, occupied the islands of the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, Trinidad, and other areas of Amazonia. Before the arrival of the Spanish they were driven from the Lesser Antilles by the CaribsCaribs
, native people formerly inhabiting the Lesser Antilles, West Indies. They seem to have overrun the Lesser Antilles and to have driven out the Arawak about a century before the arrival of Christopher Columbus.
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. Most of the Arawak of the Antilles died out or intermarried after the Spanish conquest. In South America, Arawakan-speaking groups are widespread, from SW Brazil to Colombia and Venezuela, representing a wide range of cultures. They are found mostly in the tropical forest areas N of the Amazon. As with all Amazonian native peoples, contact with white settlement has led to culture change and depopulation among these groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
Otras lenguas de la zona intermedia que despliegan un sistema exclusivo/inclusivo vigente son las pertenecientes al grupo preandino de la familia arawak.
Variations of this myth are found among other Arawak groups, namely the Yanesha, where the main protagonist is Ayots and his son Poparrona (Santos-Granero 2002), and also among the Nomatsiguenga where Abireri becomes Mabireri and Kiri becomes Queri (Shavar and Dodds 1990).
La mitologia compartida por esos grupos explica su origen como resultado de un proceso de diferenciacion tanto en relacion con otros indios (waraju, en la lengua aweti) como en relacion con los blancos (cara'iwa), a traves de la distribucion diferencial, hecha por los gemelos demiurgos Sol y Luna, de objetos y ornamentos que pasaran a ser caracteristicos de cada pueblo xinguano y no xinguano, como las ollas de ceramica de los pueblos arawak, los collares de caracol producidos por los pueblos caribe, las armas de fuego de los blancos, la hechiceria de los xinguanos, etc.
Conceptos relativos a cantidades positivas y negativas Etnia Clasificacion Mucho(s) Poco(s) Ninguno Nada Cuiva Aislados X X Hiwi X X Hodu X Piaroa X X X Sanoma X X X Yanomami X Yaruro X X Warao X X S/T 8 5 1 2 Anu Arawak X X Baniva X X Bare X X Kurripako X X Warekena X Wayuu X X Yavitero X X S/T 7 6 0 0 Bari Chibcha X S/T 1 0 0 0
Participaban muchos grupos linguisticos, entre ellos, hablantes de lenguas Warao, Arawak, y Caribe, incluyendo los Nepoyo, Chaima, Paragoto/Guayanos, Siawani (Chaguanaes), Karina, Warao, Verotiani ([Farautes] Waraotu) y Guaiquery (Wikiri) (Boomert, 2000: 393; Heinen y Garcia-Castro, 2000: 562, 573-574).
The interesting gesture behind this campaign, nonetheless, was the paradoxical recovery of the Arawak fighting practice to signify imperial military bravery in the context of Puerto Rico's U.
It was after a shipwreck, crossing the dreaded Middle Passage from West Africa, that the human cargo of slaves wound up on the island now known as St Vincent, where they intermingled with the Callinago, themselves a mixture of Arawak and Caribs.
Aruba's first inhabitants were the Caquetios Indians from the Arawak tribe.
The ambiguity comes from the original accumulation: it depicts two Arawak people, a woman and a man, greeting the viewer.
Apache, Arawak, Blackfoot, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Crow, Hopi, Huron, Inuit, Iroquois, Lakota, Mohegan, Navajo, Nez Perce, Oneida, Pueblo, Seminole, Shawnee, Sioux, Teton; others acceptable
The Bahama Island of Bimini, from the Arawak term for a sacred healing spring known as "Beimini," was said to harbor the mythical Fountain of Youth.