Arawaks


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Related to Arawaks: Caribs

Arawaks

 

a group of Indian tribes in South America that are related by language. The Arawakan languages constitute one of the largest linguistic groups in South America. The name is derived from one of the tribes with which the Europeans met soon after conquest. At that time the Arawaks lived from the Chaco River and the sources of the Xingu River to the islands of the West Indies and from the mouth of the Amazon River to the eastern slopes of the Andes. Toward the end of the 15th century the Carib tribes forced the Arawaks out of the northeastern section of the mainland and from the islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Arawaks on the islands of the Greater Antilles were exterminated by the Spaniards. At the present time they live mainly in western Venezuela, in the eastern regions of Colombia and Peru bordering Brazil, in western Brazil, and along the coast of Guiana. Their population has not been exactly determined. Most Arawaks are settled agriculturalists. In the almost inaccessible forest regions the Arawaks have preserved their clan structure and the religious ideas associated with a belief in spirits.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.

E. V. ZIBERT

References in periodicals archive ?
It is known that after the arrival of Columbus in Haiti, the native Arawak Indians were brutally persecuted.
5) Sobre la presencia indigena en las islas, la version mas aceptada se apoya en descripciones de viajeros, religiosos, y registros coloniales ingleses y franceses que se refieren a las migraciones hacia las Antillas, anteriores a la presencia colonial europea, por parte de los pueblos arawak y caribes procedentes de la amazonia del sur del continente americano.
Participaban muchos grupos linguisticos, entre ellos, hablantes de lenguas Warao, Arawak, y Caribe, incluyendo los Nepoyo, Chaima, Paragoto/Guayanos, Siawani (Chaguanaes), Karina, Warao, Verotiani ([Farautes] Waraotu) y Guaiquery (Wikiri) (Boomert, 2000: 393; Heinen y Garcia-Castro, 2000: 562, 573-574).
The phrase is written in three languages, including Papiamento, a blend of Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, Arawak and a smattering of African tongues that the slaves used as a form of communication.
In the case of the Arawaks, Tainos and Caribs, there is a problem of nomenclature that needs to be critically addressed.
They include chronologically and geographically specific groups, such as the Caribs and Arawaks of seventeenth century St.
The indigenous Caribs, who had eradicated the more passive Arawaks, resisted European colonisation successfully for some time before they were suppressed by the French.
The Arawaks did not stand a chance against Columbus.
Risingham's recourse during the English Civil War to "arts, in Indian warfare tried," which he learned from the Caribs and Arawaks, and Scott's introductory note to Canto 3 referencing James Adair's History of the American Indians (1774), suggest a degree of transculturation more readily associated by readers with Byron's eastern heroes.
West Indies: A Differentiated, Interdisciplinary Unit Third Grade Duration: 6 to 8 Weeks Standards Essential Questions Objectives What is the What influences did Describe the relationship of the the Arawaks and following components United States to Caribs have on the of the West Indies other nations and to West Indies culture?
From a culture with strict rules about guilds and women's role in society, Merian moved to a slave-powered tropical country where the Caribs and Arawaks were now more wary of Europeans and Africans than of each other.
The Arawaks lived in tranquility until shipwrecked Africans bound for slavery were taken in by the tribe.