Erbil

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Erbil

(ĕr`bīl' –bĭl') or

Irbil

(ĭr`bīl' –bĭl'), town (1987 pop. 485,968), N Iraq. A commercial, agricultural, and administrative center with a predominantly Kurdish population, it is one of the world's oldest continually settled towns. The ancient Sumerian and Assyrian city of Urbillum (ArbelaArbela
, town of ancient Assyria. Its name is sometimes given to the battle fought at Gaugamela, some 60 mi (100 km) away, in which Alexander the Great defeated (331 B.C.) Darius III. Arbela is the modern Erbil, Iraq.
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) was on this site. The oldest section of the city, at the heart of of modern Erbil, is on an artificial mound surmounted by an old Turkish fort. Since 1992 Erbil has been one of the main towns of the so-called Kurdish Autonomous Region.

Erbil

, Irbil, Arbil
a city in N Iraq: important in Assyrian times. Pop.: 870 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The ICAA said that it was suspending flights to Arbil and Sulaimaniyah on Monday and Tuesday this week to protect travelers as Russian airstrikes from the Caspian Sea to Syria pass through northern Iraqi airspace.
A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-rigged vehicle in the usually secure Iraqi Kurdish regional capital Arbil Wednesday, killing four people in an attack blamed on the Islamic State (IS) group.
Makhmour city lies about 55 km from Arbil, but it is the center for three provinces of Nineveh, Arbil and Kirkuk.
A cabinet meeting is due to be held in the Kurdish capital Arbil on Sunday.
A delegation of Arbil Turkmen visited President Abdullah GE-l in Ankara on Dec.
On Mondays, Fridays and Sundays, flights depart from Sharjah International Airport at 07:00 and arrives Arbil International Airport at 09:00.
Shan Abdullah Ahmed travels to Arbil in northern Iraq at least once a month so her teenage daughter can shop for the latest catwalk fashions and stroll freely through an amusement park without fear of bombs.
Services are scheduled to depart from Istanbul at 22:40 and arrive in Arbil at 01:05 the next day, returning services will leave Arbil at 02:45 and arrive back in Istanbul at 05:10.
Al-Karama scored first through player Nasouh Nakdali at the 36 minute of the match, while Arbil got the draw at 65 minute through its player Mustafa Ahmad.
Barzani has invited all political blocs to meet in Arbil, the Iraqi Kurdish capital, on Monday in a bid to resolve the crisis that has left the country without a new government since its March 7 legislative election.
Austrian Airlines announced in January that it would start regular flights to Arbil but cancelled its plans a month later following a review of the circumstances.
Stourport based Parsons Chain Company marked its centenary in a joint river boat shuffle with its longest standing industrial distributor, Arbil Ltd of Lye, Stourbridge, which is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year.