Special archaeological journals appeared in Russia in the middle of the 19th century. The archaeological publications of the 19th century and early 20th century were mostly annuals. Such were Zapiski russkogo (Peterburgskogo) arkheologicheskogo ob-shchestva (vols. 1–14, St. Petersburg, 1849–65; new series, vols. 1–12, St. Petersburg, 1886–1902) and Zapiski, published by the Russian (St. Petersburg) Archaeological Society. The Zapiski series in various branches of archaeology included Zapiski Otdeleniia russkoi i slavianskoi arkheologii (Transactions of the Department of Russian and Slavic Archaeology; vols. 1–13, St. Petersburg-Moscow, 1851–1918); Zapiski Vostochnogo otdeleniia (Transactions of the Eastern Department; vols. 1–25, St. Petersburg, 1886–1921); Zapiski Klassicheskogo otdeleniia (Transactions of the Classical Department; vols. 1–9, St. Petersburg, 1904–17); and Zapiski Numizmaticheskogo otdeleniia (Transactions of the Numismatic Department; vols. 1–2, St. Petersburg, 1906–13). The Izvestiia Arkheologicheskoi komissii (issues 1–66, St. Petersburg, 1901–18) came out several times a year, depending on the accumulation of material. From 1859 to 1913/15 the Otchety Arkheologicheskoi komissii (St. Petersburg, 1862–1918) was a yearly periodical containing information on excavations sponsored by the Archaeological Commission. Major local publications included Drevnosti: Trudy Moskovskogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva (vols. 1–25, 1865–1916) and Arkheologicheskie izvestiia i zametki (vols. 1–7,1893–99/1900) published by the Moscow Archaeological Society and Zapiski Odesskogo obshchestva istorii i drev-nostei (vols. 1–33, 1844–1919) published by the Odessa Society of History and Antiquities.
After 1917 archaeological materials and studies began to be published in a series of periodic and nonperiodic publications. These included Trudy sektsii arkheologii RAN-ION (Transactions of the Archaeology Section of RANION; issues 1–5, Moscow, 1926–30); the monthly Soobshcheniia Gos. akademii istorii material’noi kul’tury (Reports of the State Academy of the History of Material Culture; Leningrad, 1926–29, 1931–32); Problemy istorii material’noi kul’tury (Problems in the History of Material Culture; issues 1–10, Leningrad, 1933); the collections Sovetskaia ar-kheologiia (issues 1–30, Moscow-Leningrad, 1936–59); the archaeological journal Sovetskaia arkheologiia (Moscow) published quarterly since 1957; and the archaeological journal Arkheologiia published by the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (Kiev, since 1947). The most important nonperiodic publications include Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR (Materials and Studies in the Archaeology of the USSR; Moscow-Leningrad since 1940); Kratkie soobshcheniia o dokladakh i polevykh issledovaniiakh In-ta arkheologii AN SSSR (Brief Accounts of Reports and Field Work of the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; Moscow, since 1939); and Kratkie soobshcheniia In-ta arkheologii AN UkrSSR (Brief Reports of the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (vols. 1–12, Kiev, 1952–62). Archaeological material is also published in Zapiski of the academies of sciences of other republics in the Soviet Union and of many universities, institutes, and museums.
The first archaeological journals abroad were published in England in the second half of the 18th century. In the 1960’s approximately 300 special archaeological and historical journals containing archaeological material were published throughout the world. The majority of these are published yearly or quarterly.
General archaeological publications in socialist countries. In the German Democratic Republic, Ausgrabungen und Funde, which has published since 1956 (Berlin), primarily prints documentation of archaeological excavations and finds throughout the republic. In Bulgaria, the archaeological journals Arkheologiia (since 1959, Sofia) and Izvestiia na Bulgarski arkheologicheski instituí (since 1922, Sofia) cover a broad time span. In Hungary, the general archaeological journals are Archaeológiai értesitö (1868; new series, 1882, Budapest) and Acta archaeologica (since 1951, Budapest). In Poland, two archaeological journals have existed since the 19th century: Wiadomosci archeologiczne (since 1873, Warsaw), devoted mainly to Polish archaeology, and Światowit (since 1889, Warsaw), which includes archaeological materials from other Slavic countries. In addition, Przeglad archeologiczny has been published since 1919, Archeologia: Rocznik Polskiego towarzystwa archeologicznego since 1947 (Wroclaw), and Archeologia Polski since 1957 (Warsaw-Wrocław). Rumanian publications include the yearly Dacia: Revue d’archéologie et d’historie ancienne (since 1957, Bucharest), dealing with the archaeology of the Balkan countries, and Biblioteca arheologica (since 1957, Bucharest). Czechoslovakia publishes Památky ar-cheologické (since 1854, Prague), which primarily prints materials on native excavations, and Archeologické rozhledy (since 1949, Prague), which is an archaeological journal covering a broad time and geographical range. Yugoslavia publishes Archaeologia Jugoslavia (since 1954, Belgrade) and Archeološki vestnik (since 1950, Ljubljana).
Major archaeological journals in other foreign countries. England’s publications include Archaeologia (since 1770, London), Archaeological Journal (since 1844, London), Antiquaries Journal (since 1921, London), and the small archaeological journal Antiquity (since 1927, Gloucester), which treats the most interesting archaeological discoveries and pressing problems of world archaeology. In the USA the most serious archaeological journals are American Journal of Archaeology (since 1885, New York-London) and the Journal of Near Eastern Studies (since 1942, Chicago), which publish materials on foreign, mainly classical and Eastern, archaeology. The archaeological journal American Antiquity (since 1935, Menasha) is devoted to the archaeology of the American continent. Archaeology (Cambridge), a popular and informative archaeological journal of broad scope, has published since 1948. In the Federal Republic of Germany, general archaeological periodicals are almost nonexistent. The following are published: the annual Prahistor-ische Zeitschrift (since 1909, Berlin) and Archaeologischer Anzeiger (since 1849, Berlin), a supplement to the German Archaeological Institute’s annual devoted mainly to classical archaeology. In Italy, the most general publication is the annual Bollettino di paletnologia Italiana (since 1875, Rome), which deals mainly with Italian primitive and ancient archaeology. Broader in its territorial scope is the A tti della pontifica Accademia Romana di Archeologia (since 1821, Rome). The archaeological journal Orientalia (since 1932, Rome) treats problems of Near Eastern archaeology. In Spain the journal Archivo español de arte y arqueologia (Madrid) has published since 1825. India publishes the Archaeological Survey of India (since 1919, Calcutta), which primarily features reports, and Ancient India (since 1946, Delhi), which partly publishes archaeological material. In France the oldest general archaeological journal is the Revue archéologique (since 1844, Paris). The journals L’Anthropologie (since 1890, Paris) and Préhistoire (since 1932, Paris) are devoted to primitive archaeology. Materials on the Bronze Age and the early Iron Age are published in the archaeological journal Gallia (since 1943, Paris; since 1954, twice a year). The informational journal Bulletin archéologique (Paris) has published since 1883. The Swedish journal Fornvännen (since 1906, Stockholm) is devoted to Swedish primitive and medieval archaeology and the journal Acta archaeologica Lundensia (since 1954, Lund) to ancient European and Eastern archaeology. Archaeological journals of a generally narrow scope, published in a number of other countries, include Sumer in Iraq (since 1945, Baghdad), Türk Tarih kurumu Belleten in Turkey (since 1937, Ankara) and Kokogaku zasshi in Japan (since 1910).
L. A. EL’NITSKII