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a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty



(Erzherzog), in Austria and later in Austria-Hungary, a title held by princes of the royal house of Hapsburg, officially conferred in 1453. It stems from a privilege extended to Austrian dukes in the 12th century, by which they were granted rights equal to those of electors, who were also called Erzkurfürsten.

References in periodicals archive ?
And it was there, on their first evening, as they lounged among the elegant, cosmopolitan crowd waiting for the gong to be rung for dinner, that Thomas's attention was drawn to a nearby Polish family, which consisted, in the momentary absence of the mother (who, like the Archduchess of Austria, appears to have been an adept of the delayed entrance), of three starchily outfitted daughters and one very young son.