Archer John Porter Martin
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Martin, Archer John Porter
Born Mar. 1, 1910, in London. British biochemist and physical chemist. Member of the Royal Society of London (1950).
Martin graduated from Cambridge University in 1932. In 1934 he began research there on methods for isolating vitamin E and nicotinic acid, for which he designed an efficient counter-current apparatus. Martin collaborated with R. L. M. Synge on the construction of an amino acid analyzer. Further research together led to the development of paper chromatography in 1944. From 1946 to 1948, Martin devoted his studies to the isolation and purification of penicillin. Subsequently, he worked at the National Institute for Medical Research in London on the isolation of biologically active substances and the development of gas-liquid chromatography. In 1965, Martin was appointed professor extraordinary at Technological University in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. In 1952 he and Synge shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work in developing chromatographic techniques.