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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Archive File Manager provides a long-term, compliant WORM archive that can also provide businesses with a second removable copy for disaster recovery purposes.
Data that is five to seven years old can be saved to an Archive File to take advantage of more cost-effective storage options.
Active archiving addresses this problem by safely removing historical customer data from the Level One online database at the row level and storing it in a compressed format in one or more Archive Files, which are then managed by HSM.
As a data model changes, you are able to take account of these changes with your archive files.
Recover lost photos, video, documents, email and archive files from any Mac-based hard drive or external hard drive, iPod, USB drive, SD card, digital camera, mobile phone, and MP3/MP4 player, due to accidental deleting, formatting, virus infection, improper operation, unexpected power failure, and other unknown reasons.
Employees in 108 countries can create, share, review and archive files in the Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF), the de facto standard for reliable electronic document management.
It can archive files on a 10 GB hard disk as well as send documents via e-mail and get confirmation of receipt and digital signature application.
zip archives and both restore compressed archive files to their original formats.
These solutions safely remove rarely-accessed data from overloaded production databases and save the data to easily managed Archive Files that can be stored on the most cost-effective storage medium.
Build and Archive Tools: A set of commands for compiling individual files, building entire projects, generating archive files form projects and validating archive files (based on ant)

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