archons


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archons

(är`kŏnz, –kənz) [Gr.,=leaders], in ancient Athens and other Greek cities, officers of state. Originally in Athens there were three archons: the archon eponymos (so called because the year was named after him), who was the chief officer of the state; the archon basileus, who was primarily connected with sacred rites; and the archon polemarchos (the polemarch, or military commander), who—theoretically, at least—had military leadership. Six more archons, the thesmothetae (thesmothetes), were later added; they were junior officers, generally in charge of the courts. The archons were elected, and after they had served and their records had been approved, they entered the AreopagusAreopagus
[Gr.,=hill of Ares], rocky hill, 370 ft (113 m) high, NW of the Acropolis of Athens, famous as the sacred meeting place of the prime council of Athens. This council, also called the Areopagus, represented the ancient council of elders, which usually combined judicial
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. Solon, Hippias, and Themistocles were archons. After 487 B.C. the archons were chosen by lot; the office, which had previously been limited to the two upper classes, was opened to the third class. Thereafter the archontate declined greatly in importance. The lists of eponymous archons kept after the 7th cent. B.C. are a valuable source of history.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each city has its own patron hero, god, or archon to defend it, and so players also aren't limited to a single primary hero to develop.
This is the second international conference that the Archons are organizing on freedom of religion.
I have summarized below five problematic areas indicated by the Archons as being fundamental problems of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Turkey.
Armanios is careful not to dismiss entirely the roles of patriarchs and bishops, and she demonstrates particularly well in a chapter on eighteenth-century Coptic pilgrimages to Jerusalem the frequently interdependent rather than entirely competitive nature of the relationships between lay archons and upper clergy.
Armanios reads these texts as evidence of the delicate balancing acts by which Egyptian Copts--led by the archons who were so closely tied to the governing elite successfully worked in the Ottoman era to preserve their community amidst Egypt's overwhelmingly Muslim majority.
Each city is defended by characters chosen by the player; there are over 200 gods, archons, and heroes to choose from, so players needn't limit themselves to one hero type.
For more information on the conference, the Archons and to view a complete list of speakers and panelists who participated, please visit http://conference.
The 2nd Archon International Conference on Religious Freedom Deemed Historic
The prospective part of the Fennoscandia craton, of which the Kuloi and Karelian Archons are a part, covers about 1 million square kilometers, and is far larger than any Archon in the world including the Slave Craton of Canada and the Kaap Vaal Craton of South Africa.
st] Archon International Conference on Religious Freedom at the European Parliament in Brussels in 2010, this extraordinary and watershed event will bring together a diverse and significant group of politicians, diplomats, human rights lawyers and advocates, scholars, religious leaders, journalists and members of minority communities; all to discuss ways in which the walls of religious intolerance, mistreatment and misunderstanding can come tumbling down and people of goodwill all over the world can unite together to live in peace and harmony.