Arctic Archipelago


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Arctic Archipelago

(ärk`tĭk, är`tĭk), group of more than 50 large islands, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, N Canada, in the Arctic Ocean. The southernmost members of the group include Baffin (the archipelago's largest island), Victoria, Banks, Prince of Wales, and Somerset islands; N of Viscount Melville and Lancaster sounds are the Queen Elizabeth Islands, of which Ellesmere is the largest. Tundra and permanent ice cover the islands, on which oil and coal have been discovered. After Greenland, the Archipelago is the world's largest high-arctic land area.
References in periodicals archive ?
52) Canada's baselines surrounded the entirety of the Canadian Arctic archipelago, thus covering that portion of the Northwest Passage.
Canada's Arctic Archipelago glaciers represent the third largest ice body in the world after Greenland and the Antarctic.
Byers also quotes with approval McGill University lawyer Suzanne Lalonde's contention that devolution to the Government of Nunavut of rights to the seabed within the Arctic Archipelago could, by reinforcing the role of Inuit use and occupancy, carry weight in international law.
This Memorial is erected today to commemorate the taking possession for the DOMINION OF CANADA of the whole ARCTIC ARCHIPELAGO lying to the north of America from longitude 60[degrees]W.
The problem for Canada is that all the routes for a Northwest Passage involve shallow and/or narrow straits between various islands in the country's Arctic archipelago, and the prevailing winds and currents in the Arctic Ocean tend to push whatever loose sea ice there is into those straits.
Devolving authority over our internal waters provides an opportunity to back up the international claim to the Arctic Archipelago and the Northwest Passage through domestic legislation and policy.
The extent of change became obvious in August 2007, when the Canadian Ice Service (CIS) and the NSIDC proclaimed the Northwest Passage through Canada's Arctic archipelago and the Bering Strait to the Pacific Ocean "nearly open".
28 The Arctic archipelago of Franz Josef Land is now part of which country, after being annexed in 1929 by an expedition that narrowly beat a Norwegian one on the same mission?
Since then he has led three voyages on schooner Noorderlicht to the Norway's Arctic archipelago, Svalbard .
Speaking to reporters after visiting a nuclear test site in the Arctic archipelago of Novaya Zemlya, Ivanov said Russia ''will continue experiments that do not involve nuclear explosions.
All in the name of furthering Canada's claim on the Arctic Archipelago by populating it.
In its April 2013 report titled Titanic Blunder, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives says that Canada's AOPS, with a range of 6,800 nautical miles, "will not have the range to operate along the northern coast of Canada's Arctic archipelago or in the Central Arctic Ocean, even if they refueled at Nanisivik--and this despite projections that the Central Arctic Ocean will become an international shipping route by 2040.