Arctic Council


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Arctic Council,

intergovernmental forum established to promote cooperation, coordination, and interaction among the arctic nations, with the involvement of indigenous peoples and others inhabiting the region on sustainable development, environmental protection, and other common issues. Its member nations are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States, all the countries with territory or dependencies lying north of the Arctic Circle. Meetings intended to promote cooperation among the arctic nations began in 1989 in Finland, and the council was established by the Ottawa Declaration in 1996.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report is expected to serve as an authoritative source on what is happening in the Arctic and what is predicted in the future and sets the stage for the May 12 Arctic Council ministerial meeting in Greenland.
The findings "emphasize the need for greater urgency" in combating global warming, says the report of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), the scientific arm of the eight-nation Arctic Council.
The new estimates come from the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, the scientific division of the Arctic Council, a group of eight nations that have interests in the region.
Meanwhile, a task force convened by the Arctic Council, an intergovernmental forum of circumpolar nations, is investigating ways to lower SLCF emissions with an eye toward limiting rates of ice sheet melting in the near term.
Indigenous groups and the three ommitted Arctic nations are part if the wider Arctic Council group that meets regularly.
Byers takes a far less incendiary view and points out that international cooperation in this region has become the norm since the collapse of the Soviet Union: witness the eight-nation Arctic Council established in 1996, in which Arctic indigenous peoples enjoy "permanent participant" status, a unique arrangement in intergovernmental affairs.
Thus the story of the development of Article 234 (the Arctic Covered Water clause of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea), the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy, the Arctic Council and the Polar Code are given very brief consideration.
With respect to the administration of the Arctic, the Article maintains that the Arctic Council should be maintained and further developed as an indispensable tool for the coordination of policy decisions.
They have been released by the Arctic Council, which represents countries with Arctic territory: Canada, Denmark (through its Greenland dependency), Iceland, Finland, Russia, Sweden, Norway and the USA.
In this context the Commission intends to apply for permanent observer status in the Arctic Council.
There were some international arrangements created after the fall of the Berlin Wall such as the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy and the Arctic Council, but these were not based on international treaties and as such have had limited success in fostering (and compelling) international cooperation.