Arctic Peoples

Arctic Peoples

 

conventional name for the indigenous population in the circumpolar region of the northern hemisphere. Usually refers to the peoples of northern Asia and North America, primarily those who inhabit the tundra (Chukchi, Koriak, Iukagir, Itel’men-Kamchadal, Aleut, and Eskimo); also sometimes the population of the western tundra and taiga regions (Saami [Lapp], Nenets, Enets, Nganasan, northern Yakut, Evenki, and Even). The term “arctic peoples” (and also the more outdated “Hyperboreans”) is a geographical designation embracing tribes that are completely different in culture and origin. The expressions “northern minorities” or “peoples of the north” in Soviet scientific literature do not correspond to the term “arctic peoples,” since they also include the people of the Amur River region and Sakhalin (Nivkh, Nanai, Ul’chi, Orok, and Udegei), the middle Enisei and Ob’ (Ket, Sel’kup, Khanty), and others.

I. S. GURVICH

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The project involves the Finnish Snowchange organisation, which works with Arctic peoples and the UK's Arkleton Trust.
Getting it right means instead of viewing the region as a resource frontier to be plundered, we view it as place where sustainability can be more than an afterthought, a place where knowledge-based decisions can safeguard Arctic ecosystems for the benefit of Arctic peoples and humanity as a whole.
Another recognition of the shortcomings of the Law of the Seas as a comprehensive governance framework is that it applies to states, and may not necessarily include within its concerns those of Arctic peoples unaffiliated with a particular state.
Jerome's University in the University of Waterloo and co-chair of the Munk School for Global Affairs-Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation Arctic Peoples and Security program.
These include threats of environmental contamination from decommissioned Russian nuclear submarines scuttled in the area (with their nuclear reactors on board), threats to the homes and hunting grounds of indigenous Arctic peoples from climate change, and the possibility of oil slicks from shipping accidents if the Northwest Passage opens up.
19) All these developments have strengthened the hand of Arctic peoples when it comes to addressing actionable harms, especially in political settings.
Organized geographically with chapters devoted to Alaska's Bering Strait, Northwestern Russia, Canada's arctic Nanavut region, and Greenland, the work records oral histories of indigenous arctic peoples and documents their struggles to adapt to a changing ecosystem.
This culminated in a visit to Iqaluit where South Pacific Islanders were exposed to the unique challenges faced by Arctic peoples in the face of rapid and unprecedented environmental changes.
The exposure of Arctic Ocean water to sun-light is a threat to the livelihoods of Arctic peoples and creatures such as polar bears.
The Arctic peoples therefore have a good experience base from which to run their political campaigns.
The new DNA evidence, presented online today by the journal Nature, shows that Inuk's closest relatives are not the ancestors of today's Native Americans and Inuits, but three Arctic peoples of the Siberian Far East: the Nganasans, Koryaks, and Chukchis.
107) Discussing the effects of climate-driven changes on hunting, natural resources, and loss of traditional knowledge, the IPCC notes, "Together these shifts are turning previously well-adapted Arctic peoples into 'strangers in their own lands.

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