Ardebil

(redirected from Ardabil)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ardebil

(ärdəbēl`), town (1991 pop. 311,022), NW Iran, near the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is a market center for a fertile agricultural region. Carpets and rugs are produced in the town. Ardebil was probably founded in the 5th cent. A.D. It became (10th cent.) the capital of Azerbaijan but was soon superseded by Tabriz. In 1220 it was destroyed by the Mongols. The town quickly regained its importance as the home of Safi ad-Din, the founder of a celebrated Sufi order. The Safavids erected a beautiful shrine there, and the town became a center of pilgrimage. Ardebil also contains the tomb of Shah Ismail. The town was occupied by the Turks in 1725 and by the Russians in 1828. Its proficient library was taken to St. Petersburg by the Russians. The name is also spelled Ardabil.

Ardebil

 

city in northeastern Iran, eastern Azerbaijan. Population, 83,500 (1966). It has a system of paved roads and an airport. Ardebil has a carpet industry; mineral springs are nearby. It is not known when Ardebil was founded. It was first mentioned during the later Sassanid period. In the Middle Ages, especially the ninth and tenth centuries, Ardebil was a large trade, craft, and cultural center of Azerbaijan. In remote times it was the capital of small independent principalities. In 1220 it was captured and destroyed by the Mongols. At the end of the 13th century the dervish Safavid order was founded in Ardebil. The Ardebil Safavid sheikhdom became the nucleus of the Safavid state.

The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, an architectural complex remarkable for its plan and its rich interior (16th—17th centuries), still stands in Ardebil. The complex consists of a large garden (120 m long) with a portal (1648; the decor was executed by the master craftsman Ismail of Ardebil); a small court, leading into a large court with an octagonal mosque (13th century [?]), and a rectangular memorial mosque. Adjoining it is the cylindrical-domed mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, which is completely covered by a patterned glaze, and the Chini-khane octagonal building (a repository for porcelain articles).

REFERENCE

Salamzade, A. V. Arkhitektura Azerbaidzhana XVI-XIX vv. Baku, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: results from soil sampling from Ardabil soils.
The Ardabil carpet has one twin, on display at London's Victoria and Albert (V&A) Museum.
His speech will focus on the history of the Ardabil Carpet and its mate.
The authors would like to thank the Ardabil Regional Water Corporation for technical supports.
1) Graduate student of Private Law, Islamic Azad University of Science and Research, Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.
On Tuesday, Representative of the Northwestern province of Ardabil to the parliament Kamaloddin Pir-Mo'azzen told FNA that his colleagues from the country's Northwestern provinces are working on a bill requiring a revision in the Turkmenchay Treaty.
Department of Law, Ardabil Payam-e- Nour, Ardabi, Iran
Addressing IRGC commanders and personnel in the Northwestern province of Ardabil on Tuesday, General Salami said Iran's joining the club of the limited number of the countries which have mastered "the space, nuclear and biological sciences and cutting our dependence on the aliens has become a big nightmare for the West".
Climate application in tourism planning of Lake Urmia using TCI and SWOT model, MA thesis of Climatology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabil.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The volume of drug seizure by the Iranian law enforcement police in the country's Northern province of Ardabil has witnessed an eye-catching increase since the beginning of the current Iranian year (started on March 20), a provincial police chief announced on Tuesday.