Battle of the Bulge

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Related to Ardennes Offensive: Ardennes Forest

Battle of the Bulge,

popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. More than a million men fought in what is also known as the Battle of the Ardennes. On Dec. 16, 1944, a strong German force, commanded by Marshal von Rundstedt, broke the thinly held American front in the Belgian Ardennes sector. Taking advantage of the foggy, freezing weather and of the total surprise of the Allies, the Germans penetrated deep into Belgium, creating a dent, or "bulge," in the Allied lines and threatening to break through to the N Belgian plain and seize Antwerp. An American force held out at Bastogne, even though surrounded and outnumbered. The U.S. 1st and 9th armies, temporarily under Field Marshal Montgomery, attacked the German salient from the north, while the U.S. 3d Army attacked it from the south. Improved flying weather (after Dec. 24) facilitated Allied counterattacks. By Jan. 16, 1945, the German forces were destroyed or routed, but not without some 80,000 Allied casualties.

Bibliography

See C. B. MacDonald, A Time for Trumpets (1984); J. S. D. Eisenhower, The Bitter Woods (1969, repr. 1995); A. Beevor, Ardennes 1944 (2015).


Bulge, Battle of the:

see Battle of the BulgeBattle of the Bulge,
popular name in World War II for the German counterattack in the Ardennes, Dec., 1944–Jan., 1945. More than a million men fought in what is also known as the Battle of the Ardennes. On Dec.
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.

Battle of the Bulge

unsuccessful attempt by Germans to push Allies back from German territory (1944–1945). [Ger. Hist.: EB, II: 360–361]
See: Battle

Battle of the Bulge

final, futile German WWII offensive (1944–1945). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 1148–1153, 1154–1155]
See: Defeat
References in periodicals archive ?
On just over 50 acres in Luxembourg City, lie the final resting places for the remains of more than 5,000 Americans who made the ultimate sacrifice for their nation while countering the Ardennes Offensive of World War II.
Josef "Sepp" Dietrich, who led the powerful 6th Panzer Army in the failed Ardennes Offensive * Heinrich Himmler, one of Hitler's most notorious and brutal henchmen * Ernie Pyle, famed battlefield reporter * General George S.
During the German Ardennes Offensive, the Battle of the Bulge, Pogue's diary records that photographs of the Malmedy Massacre were distributed to all American units to make them aware of the enemy they were facing.